A fine-grained analysis of the role of self-efficacy in self-initiated attempts to quit smoking

Manual E. Garcia, Auburn University
Joy M. Schmitz, Auburn University
Leonard A. Doerfler, University of Massachusetts Medical School

At the time of publication, Leonard Doerfler was not yet affiliated with the University of Massachusetts Medical School.


The relation between self-efficacy ratings and smoking behavior was explored among 36 people who were trying to quit smoking on their own. Self-efficacy was predictive of smoking outcome, but there was considerable intersubject variability in the strength of the relation between efficacy and smoking behavior. Both efficacy and previous smoking behavior predicted smoking outcome equally well, however.