Probation officers' perceptions of youths' risk of reoffending and use of risk assessment in case management

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date


Document Type



Criminals; Adolescent; Juvenile Delinquency; Law Enforcement; Risk Assessment


Health Services Research | Juvenile Law | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology


Juvenile probation officers (JPOs) are required to make numerous decisions about the case management of young offenders on a daily basis. This multi-site study examined JPOs' (N = 64) perceptions of the typical youth's risk of reoffending before implementation of a risk/needs assessment (RNA) tool, and their self-reported, case management decision-making after implementation of an RNA tool. Results indicated that JPOs tended to overestimate the likely base rates of reoffending while RNA tool estimates were more accurate. Further, most JPOs appeared to be making service referral and placement decisions commensurate with youths' risk levels, regardless of whether they claimed to use the RNA tool in their decisions. Variability in application of risk to case management practices was more a function of the probation office than of the specific JPO. Implications for use of risk assessment in juvenile probation are discussed. Copyright (c) 2012 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

DOI of Published Version



Behav Sci Law. 2012 Jul;30(4):487-505. doi: 10.1002/bsl.2015. Epub 2012 Jun 28. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Behavioral sciences and the law

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed