The PCL: YV and recidivism in male and female juveniles: a follow-up into young adulthood

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date


Document Type



Adolescent; Antisocial Personality Disorder; British Columbia; Child; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Juvenile Delinquency; Logistic Models; Male; Models, Psychological; Multivariate Analysis; Prisoners; *Psychological Tests; Reproducibility of Results; Risk Assessment; Sex Factors; Violence


Health Services Research | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology


Adolescents, and most recently, adolescent females, have emerged as an important population in violence risk assessment and have sparked a debate regarding the downward and gendered extension of the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV). This article evaluates the differential prediction of the three and four-factor models of the PCL:YV for male (n=201) and female (n=55) juvenile offenders using a prospective four and one-half year follow-up (M=3 years) study. Both models of the PCL:YV were significant predictors for boys; however, contrary to findings from studies using shorter follow-up periods, the predictive power was due primarily to the behavioral features of psychopathy. The PCL:YV was not a significant predictor of non-violent or violent recidivism for girls. This study does not lend support for the use of the PCL:YV as a risk factor for girl offenders. More research is needed to understand the application of the psychopathy construct in youth, particularly in girls.

DOI of Published Version



Int J Law Psychiatry. 2008 Jun-Jul;31(3):287-96. Epub 2008 Jun 5. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

International journal of law and psychiatry

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID