Does psychopathy predict institutional misconduct among adults? A meta-analytic investigation

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

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Document Type



Adult; Antisocial Personality Disorder; Conduct Disorder; Humans; Institutionalization


Health Services Research | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology


Narrative reviews have raised several questions regarding the predictive validity of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; R. D. Hare, 2003) and related scales in institutional settings. In this meta-analysis, the authors coded 273 effect sizes to investigate the association between the Hare scales and a hierarchy of increasingly specific forms of institutional misconduct. Effect sizes for Total, Factor 1, and Factor 2 scores were quite heterogeneous overall and weakest for physically violent misconduct (r-sub(w) = .17, .14, and .15, respectively). Moderator analyses suggested that physical violence effect sizes were smaller in U.S. prison samples (r-sub(w) = .11) than in non-U.S. prison samples (r-sub(w) = .23). Findings are discussed in terms of the utility of the Hare measures for decision-making in institutional and other contexts.

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Citation: J Consult Clin Psychol. 2005 Dec;73(6):1056-64. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of consulting and clinical psychology

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Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID