Employment outcomes in Massachusetts Clubhouses

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

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Document Type



Adult; Aged; Community-Institutional Relations; Data Collection; Employment; Employment, Supported; Female; Follow-Up Studies; *Group Homes; *Halfway Houses; Humans; Length of Stay; Male; Massachusetts; Mathematical Computing; Mental Disorders; Middle Aged; Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care); Prejudice; Rehabilitation, Vocational; Social Adjustment


Health Services Research | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology


Employment outcomes of individuals participating in 17 Massachusetts Clubhouses certified by the International Center for Clubhouse Development were examined through an annual survey. Major components of employment programs in contemporary clubhouses are identified and individual employment outcomes are described. Within contemporary practice in ICCD clubhouses in this sample, clubhouses provided a three-pronged approach to employment. Between 1998-2001, 1702 individuals worked in 2714 separate job placements, employed in Transitional (TE), Supported (SE), and Independent Employment (IE). Forty percent of members with more than one job (N = 385) participated in at least one TE. Individuals with longer memberships tended to work longer and had higher job earnings.

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Citation: Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2005 Summer;29(1):25-33.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Psychiatric rehabilitation journal

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID