Beyond Asian American: Examining Conditions and Mechanisms of Earnings Inequality for Filipina and Asian Indian Women

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date


Document Type



Employment; Salaries and Fringe Benefits; Asian Americans; Women; Sex Factors


Health Services Research | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology


Theories of intersectionality encourage scholars to look at how “gender” experiences are forged through race, particularly in the labor market. This study uses data from the 2000 1-percent Public Use Microdata on 23,852 Filipina, Asian Indian, and non-Hispanic white women living in New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles to examine additive and interactional influences on earnings. A detailed analysis of interaction effects by race-ethnicity reveal several important differences across the three groups of women. The results of this study show that popular stereotypes about Asian-origin groups, such as “model minority,” mask significant barriers in achieving full equality in the labor market. The study also highlights the importance of immigration context and occupational race segregation in understanding earnings for non-white immigrant women.


Torres Stone, Rosalie A. Purkayastha, Bandana, Berdahl, Teceira (2006). “Examining the intersectionality of race and gender on the earnings of Filipinas, Asian Indian and Non-Hispanic whire women.” Sociological Perspectives, 49(2):pp.261-281.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Sociological Perspectives