This collection showcases the journal articles and other publications authored by researchers in the Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. The Division's faculty and staff study the role of health behaviors in the prevention and management of disease, develop interventions that promote health behavior change, and seek to broadly promote the implementation and dissemination of their work. The Division was founded in 1983 in the Department of Medicine by Judith K. Ockene, PhD., MEd., MA, and joined the Department of Quantitative Health Sciences in 2018.

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Publications from 2000

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Commentary: On Finding Common Ground – Health Promotion in Clinical Practice, Jane G. Zapka

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Relapse and maintenance issues for smoking cessation, Judith K. Ockene, Karen M. Emmons, Robin J. Mermelstein, Kenneth A. Perkins, Debra Bonollo, Carolyn C. Voorhees, and Jack F. Hollis

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Smoking cessation counseling with pregnant and postpartum women: a survey of community health center providers, Jane G. Zapka, Lori Pbert, Anne M. Stoddard, Judith K. Ockene, Karin V. Goins, and Debra Bonollo

Publications from 1999

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Comparing food intake using the Dietary Risk Assessment with multiple 24-hour dietary recalls and the 7-Day Dietary Recall, Barbara C. Olendzki, Thomas G. Hurley, James R. Hebert, Sarah Ellis, Philip A. Merriam, Rose S. Luippold, Linda Rider, and Ira S. Ockene

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Formative research methods to understand patient and provider responses to heart attack symptoms, Laura Leviton, John R. Finnegan Jr., Jane G. Zapka, Hendrika Meischke, Barbara B. Estabrook, Janice Gilliland, Adriana C. Linares, Elissa R. Weitzman, James M. Raczynski, and Elaine J. Stone

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Health care providers' perspectives on patient delay for seeking care for symptoms of acute myocardial infarction, Jane G. Zapka, Barbara Estabrook, Janice Gilliland, Laura Leviton, Hendrika Meischke, Sharon Melville, Judy Taylor, Mohamud Daya, Brian Laing, Angela Meshack, Roy Reyna, Mark Robbins, Mary M. Hand, and John R. Finnegan Jr.

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Brief physician- and nurse practitioner-delivered counseling for high-risk drinkers: does it work, Judith K. Ockene, Abigail Adams, Thomas G. Hurley, Elizabeth V. Wheeler, and James R. Hebert

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Thrombin generation after the abrupt cessation of intravenous unfractionated heparin among patients with acute coronary syndromes: potential mechanisms for heightened prothrombotic potential, Richard C. Becker, Frederick A. Spencer, Youfu Li, Steven P. Ball, Yunsheng Ma, Thomas G. Hurley, and James R. Hebert

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Seasonal variation of blood cholesterol levels: study methodology, Philip A. Merriam, Ira S. Ockene, James R. Hebert, Milagros C. Rosal, and Charles E. Matthews

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Risk factors for radiation maculopathy and papillopathy after intraocular irradiation, Evangelos S. Gragoudas, Wenjun Li, Anne Marie Lane, John Munzenrider, and Kathleen M. Egan

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REACT theory-based intervention to reduce treatment-seeking delay for acute myocardial infarction. Rapid Early Action for Coronary Treatment, James M. Raczynski, John R. Finnegan Jr., Jane G. Zapka, Hendrika Meischke, Angela Meshack, Elaine J. Stone, Neil Bracht, Deborah E. Sellers, Mohamud Daya, Mark Robbins, Alfred McAlister, and Denise G. Simons-Morton

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A dietitian-delivered group nutrition program leads to reductions in dietary fat, serum cholesterol, and body weight: the Worcester Area Trial for Counseling in Hyperlipidemia (WATCH), James R. Hebert, Cara B. Ebbeling, Ira S. Ockene, Yunsheng Ma, Linda Rider, Philip A. Merriam, Judith K. Ockene, and Gordon M. Saperia

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The perceptions and practices of pediatricians: tobacco intervention, Jane G. Zapka, Kenneth E. Fletcher, Lori Pbert, Susan Druker, Judith K. Ockene, and Liping Chen

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Effect of physician-delivered nutrition counseling training and an office-support program on saturated fat intake, weight, and serum lipid measurements in a hyperlipidemic population: Worcester Area Trial for Counseling in Hyperlipidemia (WATCH), Ira S. Ockene, James R. Hebert, Judith K. Ockene, Gordon M. Saperia, Edward J. Stanek III, Robert J. Nicolosi, Philip A. Merriam, and Thomas G. Hurley

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The patient exit interview as an assessment of physician-delivered smoking intervention: a validation study, Lori Pbert, Abigail Adams, Mark E. Quirk, James R. Hebert, Judith K. Ockene, and Rose S. Luippold

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An automated telephone-based smoking cessation education and counseling system, Harley Z. Ramelson, Robert H. Friedman, and Judith K. Ockene

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A randomized, multicenter trial of weight-adjusted intravenous heparin dose titration and point-of-care coagulation monitoring in hospitalized patients with active thromboembolic disease. Antithrombotic Therapy Consortium Investigators, Richard C. Becker, Steven P. Ball, Paul Eisenberg, Steven Borzak, A. Christian Held, Frederick A. Spencer, Stephen J. Voyce, Robert Jesse, Robert C. Hendel, Yunsheng Ma, Thomas G. Hurley, and James R. Hebert

Publications from 1998

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Nutritional and socioeconomic factors in relation to prostate cancer mortality: a cross-national study, James R. Hebert, Thomas G. Hurley, Barbara C. Olendzki, Jane Teas, Yunsheng Ma, and Jeffrey S. Hampl

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The effects of a health promotion-health protection intervention on behavior change: the WellWorks Study, Glorian Sorensen, Anne M. Stoddard, Mary K. Hunt, James R. Hebert, Judith K. Ockene, Jill S. Avrunin, Jay S. Himmelstein, and S. Katharine Hammond

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Alcohol counseling: physicians will do it, Abigail Adams, Judith K. Ockene, Elizabeth V. Wheeler, and Thomas G. Hurley

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Nutrient Intake Report: a coordination of patient dietary assessment between physicians and registered dietitians, Barbara C. Olendzki, James R. Hebert, Jeffrey S. Hampl, Kelly B. Scribner, and Ira S. Ockene

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Interrelationships among disablement concepts, A M Jette, S F Assmann, D Rooks, B A Harris, and Sybil L. Crawford

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Coronary Artery Smoking Intervention Study (CASIS): 5-year follow-up, Milagros C. Rosal, Judith K. Ockene, Yunsheng Ma, James R. Hebert, Ira S. Ockene, Philip A. Merriam, and Thomas G. Hurley

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The effect of dietary exposures on recurrence and mortality in early stage breast cancer, James R. Hebert, Thomas G. Hurley, and Yunsheng Ma

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Gender differences among smokers and quitters in the Working Well Trial, Ellen R. Gritz, Beti Thompson, Karen M. Emmons, Judith K. Ockene, Dale F. McLerran, and Ingrid R. Nielsen

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Effectiveness of nicotine-containing gum in the Physician-Delivered Smoking Intervention Study, Milagros C. Rosal, Judith K. Ockene, Thomas G. Hurley, Kathryn L. Kalan, and James R. Hebert

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Physician-based smoking intervention: a rededication to a five-step strategy to smoking research, Judith K. Ockene and Jane G. Zapka

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Gender differences in social desirability and social approval bias in dietary self-report, James R. Hebert, Yunsheng Ma, Lynn Clemow, Ira S. Ockene, Gordon Saperia, Edward J. Stanek III, Philip A. Merriam, and Judith K. Ockene

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Menopause: Demographic Aspects, Sonja M. McKinlay and Sybil L. Crawford

Publications from 1997

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Provider training for patient-centered alcohol counseling in a primary care setting, Judith K. Ockene, Elizabeth V. Wheeler, Abigail Adams, Thomas G. Hurley, and James R. Hebert

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Physicians and smoking cessation. Development of survey measures, Jane G. Zapka, Kenneth E. Fletcher, Yunsheng Ma, and Lori Pbert

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A lipid trial tracking system, Philip A. Merriam, Ira S. Ockene, James R. Hebert, and Yunsheng Ma

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Relationship between leisure-time physical activity and selected dietary variables in the Worcester Area Trial for Counseling in Hyperlipidemia, Charles E. Matthews, James R. Hebert, Ira S. Ockene, Gordon M. Saperia, and Philip A. Merriam

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Interviewer effects in a cohort study. Results from the Massachusetts Women's Health Study, Catherine B. Johannes, Sybil L. Crawford, and John B. McKinlay

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The effect of Medicare reimbursement for screening mammography on utilization and payment. National Cancer Institute Breast Cancer Screening Consortium, N. Breen, E. J. Feuer, S. Depuy, Jane G. Zapka, and Mary E. Costanza

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Intracoronary Doppler assessment of moderate coronary artery disease: comparison with 201Tl imaging and coronary angiography. FACTS Study Group, Louis I. Heller, Christopher Cates, Jeffrey Popma, Lawrence I. Deckelbaum, James D. Joye, Seth T. Dahlberg, Bernard J. Villegas, Anita Arnold, Robert Kipperman, W. Carter Grinstead, Sharon Balcom, Yunsheng Ma, Michael Cleman, Richard M. Steingart, and Jeffrey A. Leppo

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A longitudinal study of students' depression at one medical school, Milagros C. Rosal, Ira S. Ockene, Judith K. Ockene, Susan V. Barrett, Yunsheng Ma, and James R. Hebert

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A pilot study of nadolol for overt aggression in developmentally delayed individuals, Daniel F. Connor, Kaan R. Ozbayrak, Sheldon Benjamin, Yunsheng Ma, and Kenneth E. Fletcher

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The effects of health care reforms on job satisfaction and voluntary turnover among hospital-based nurses, Harriet Davidson, P H Folcarelli, Sybil L. Crawford, L J Duprat, and J C Clifford

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Self-reported depression in patients with coronary heart disease, Leonard A. Doerfler, Lori Pbert, and Diana DeCosimo

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Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, Stephen J. Heishman, David J. K. Balfour, Neal L. Benowitz, Dorothy K. Hatsukami, Jon M. Lindstrom, and Judith K. Ockene

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Strategies to increase the number and the quality of innovations in Medical Education Grants (IMEGs), Judith K. Ockene, Debra Bonollo, and Donna M. Qualters

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Understanding the variability in the effectiveness of community heart health programs: a meta-analysis, Deborah E. Sellers, Sybil L. Crawford, Karen Bullock, and John B. McKinlay

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Test-retest reliability of self-reported disability measures in older adults, Sybil L. Crawford, A M Jette, and S L Tennstedt

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Gender, social pressure, and smoking cessations: the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation (COMMIT) at baseline, Jacqueline M. Royce, Kitty Corbett, Glorian Sorensen, and Judith K. Ockene

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Lung cancer mortality after 16 years in MRFIT participants in intervention and usual-care groups. Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, B. Jessica Shaten, Lewis H. Kuller, Marcus O. Kjelsberg, Jeremiah Stamler, Judith K. Ockene, Jeffrey A. Cutler, and Jerome D. Cohen

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Changing provider behaviour: provider education and training, Judith K. Ockene and Jane G. Zapka

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Possible role of indoor environment and coal combustion emission in lung carcinogenesis in Fuyuan County, China, Y. Nakanishi, S. Chen, S. Inutsuka, Yunsheng Ma, X. Jiang, N. Hara, N. Sera, and H. Tokiwa

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Tobacco control activities of primary-care physicians in the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation. COMMIT Research Group, Judith K. Ockene, Elizabeth A. Lindsay, Norman Hymowitz, Carol Giffen, Ted Purcell, Paul R. Pomrehn, and Terry F. Pechacek

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Use of the nicotine skin patch by smokers in 20 communities in the United States, 1992-1993, K. Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Judith K. Ockene, Norman Hymowitz, and Marc Manley

Publications from 1996

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Dispositional Optimism as a Predictor of Health Changes among Cardiac Patients, James A. Shepperd, JoAnn J. Maroto, and Lori Pbert

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Effect of training and a structured office practice on physician-delivered nutrition counseling: the Worcester-Area Trial for Counseling in Hyperlipidemia (WATCH), Ira S. Ockene, James R. Hebert, Judith K. Ockene, Philip A. Merriam, Thomas G. Hurley, and Gordon M. Saperia

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Mammography use among sociodemographically diverse women: the accuracy of self-report, Jane G. Zapka, Carol Bigelow, Thomas G. Hurley, Leigh Durland Ford, John Egelhofer, W. Max Cloud, and Eckart Sachsse

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Worker participation in an integrated health promotion/health protection program: results from the WellWorks project, Glorian Sorensen, Anne M. Stoddard, Judith K. Ockene, Mary K. Hunt, and Richard Youngstrom

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Does collecting repeated blood samples from each subject improve the precision of estimated steroid hormone levels, Donald J. Brambilla, Sonja M. McKinlay, John B. McKinlay, S R Weiss, Catherine B. Johannes, Sybil L. Crawford, and Christopher Longcope

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Smoking in Ecuador: prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes, Judith K. Ockene, David E. Chiriboga, and Juan Carlos Zevallos

Publications from 1995

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Physician training for patient-centered nutrition counseling in a lipid intervention trial, Judith K. Ockene, Ira S. Ockene, Mark E. Quirk, James R. Hebert, Gordon M. Saperia, Rose S. Luippold, Philip A. Merriam, and Sarah Ellis

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Psychiatric disease and cytomegalovirus viremia in renal transplant recipients, Patricia L. Hibberd, Owen S. Surman, Mandy Bass, Nina E. Tolkoff-Rubin, A. Benedict Cosimi, Robert T. Schooley, Maureen Doran, Angela Delvecchio, Milagros C. Rosal, and Robert Rubin

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The everyday impacts of providing informal care to dependent elders and their consequences for the care recipients, John B. McKinlay, Sybil L. Crawford, and S L Tennstedt

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Occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, S. Katharine Hammond, Glorian Sorensen, Richard Youngstrom, and Judith K. Ockene

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ETS exposure in the workplace. Perceptions and reactions by employees in 114 work sites. Working Well Research Group [corrected], Beti Thompson, Karen M. Emmons, David B. Abrams, Judith K. Ockene, and Ziding Feng

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Clinical Utility of Electrocardiographic ST-Segment Area for Predicting Unsatisfactory Outcomes Following Thrombolytic Therapy, Vijaya S. Velury, Yunsheng Ma, Thomas G. Hurley, James R. Hebert, Clinton F. Becker, and Richard C. Becker

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A comparison of anlaytic methods for non-random missingness of outcome data, Sybil L. Crawford, S L Tennstedt, and John B. McKinlay

Publications from 1994

Nitritocobalamin and nitrosocobalamin may be confused with sulfitocobalamin using cation-exchange chromatography, J. M. Anes, R. A. Beck, J. J. Brink, and Robert J. Goldberg

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Sexual functioning post-myocardial infarction: effects of beta-blockers, psychological status and safety information, Milagros C. Rosal, Jill Downing, Andrew B. Littman, and David K. Ahern

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Longitudinal patterns and correlates of hormone replacement therapy use in middle-aged women, Catherine B. Johannes, Sybil L. Crawford, J G Posner, and S M McKinlay

Temporal trends and factors associated with extent of delay to hospital arrival in patients with acute myocardial infarction: the Worcester Heart Attack Study, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg, Joel M. Gore, and Joseph S. Alpert

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Chest pain self-management training for patients with coronary artery disease, Thomas J. Payne, Cheryl A. Johnson, Donald B. Penzien, James Porzelius, Gloria Eldridge, Sharon Parisi, Jean Beckham, Lori Pbert, Rita C. Prather, and Gaston Rodriguez

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The Physician-Delivered Smoking Intervention Project: factors that determine how much the physician intervenes with smokers, Judith K. Ockene, Abigail Adams, Lori Pbert, Rose S. Luippold, James R. Hebert, Mark E. Quirk, and Kathryn L. Kalan

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Do blacks and whites differ in their use of health care for symptoms of coronary heart disease, Sybil L. Crawford, S. A. McGraw, K. W. Smith, J. B. McKinlay, and J. E. Pierson

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Do characteristics of informal caregivers affect the length of hospital stay for frail elders, K M Skinner, S L Tennstedt, and Sybil L. Crawford

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Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder following myocardial infarction and coronary artery bypass surgery, Leonard A. Doerfler, Lori Pbert, and Diana DeCosimo

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The physician-delivered smoking intervention project: can short-term interventions produce long-term effects for a general outpatient population, Judith K. Ockene, Jean L. Kristeller, Lori Pbert, James R. Hebert, Rose S. Luippold, Robert J. Goldberg, Joan Landon, and Kathryn L. Kalan

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Physicians and smoking cessation. A survey of office procedures and practices in the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation, Elizabeth A. Lindsay, Judith K. Ockene, Norman Hymowitz, Carol Giffen, Larry Berger, and Paul R. Pomrehn

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Temporal trends (1975 through 1990) in the incidence and case-fatality rates of primary ventricular fibrillation complicating acute myocardial infarction. A communitywide perspective, David E. Chiriboga, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg, Joel M. Gore, and Joseph S. Alpert

Publications from 1993

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Routine hospital-based quit-smoking treatment for the postmyocardial infarction patient: an idea whose time has come, C. Tracy Orleams and Judith K. Ockene

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Acute effects of laboratory stress on blood glucose in noninsulin-dependent diabetes, Virginia L. Goetsch, Brent VanDorsten, Lori Pbert, Irma H. Ullrich, and Rachel A. Yeater

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Measuring the effect of a worksite-based nutrition intervention on food consumption, James R. Hebert, Anne M. Stoddard, Donald R. Harris, Glorian Sorensen, Mary K. Hunt, Diane H. Morris, and Judith K. Ockene

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HIV risk among Latino adolescents in two New England cities, K. W. Smith, S. A. McGraw, Sybil L. Crawford, L. A. Costa, and J. B. McKinlay

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Setting the policy, education, and research agenda to reduce tobacco use. Workshop I. AHA Prevention Conference III. Behavior change and compliance: keys to improving cardiovascular health, Diane M. Becker, Richard Windsor, Judith K. Ockene, Barbara Berman, J. Allan Best, K. Michael Cummings, Stanton Glantz, Suzanne Haynes, Jack Henningfield, and Thomas E. Novotny

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The COMMIT dental model: tobacco control practices and attitudes, R. B. Jones, Paul R. Pomrehn, R. E. Mecklenburg, Elizabeth A. Lindsay, Marc Manley, and Judith K. Ockene

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Smoking after acute myocardial infarction: a good thing?, Ira S. Ockene and Judith K. Ockene

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Effect of a community health center intervention on breast cancer screening among Hispanic American women, Jane G. Zapka, Donald R. Harris, David W. Hosmer, Mary E. Costanza, Edith Mas, and Robin S. Barth

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Gender differences in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction. A multihospital, community-based perspective, Paul R. Pagley, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg, Z. Chen, David E. Chiriboga, Priscilla Dalen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Joseph S. Alpert, and Joel M. Gore

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Factors associated with heavy smoking among men and women: the physician-delivered smoking intervention project, Robert J. Goldberg, Judith K. Ockene, Jean L. Kristeller, Kathryn L. Kalan, Joan Landon, and David W. Hosmer

A community-wide perspective of gender differences and temporal trends in the use of diagnostic and revascularization procedures for acute myocardial infarction, David E. Chiriboga, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg, Z. Chen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Joel M. Gore, Joseph S. Alpert, and James E. Dalen

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Comparison of patients' and their resident physicians' responses regarding smoking-cessation interventions, Constantine Daskalakis, Robert J. Goldberg, Judith K. Ockene, Kathryn L. Kalan, David W. Hosmer, and Lori Pbert

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Impact of a breast cancer screening community intervention, Jane G. Zapka, Mary E. Costanza, Donald R. Harris, David W. Hosmer, Anne M. Stoddard, Robin S. Barth, and Victoria P. Gaw

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Is family care on the decline? A longitudinal investigation of the substitution of formal long-term care services for informal care, S L Tennstedt, Sybil L. Crawford, and John B. McKinlay

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Smoking intervention for cardiac patients: in search of more effective strategies, Jean L. Kristeller, Philip A. Merriam, Judith K. Ockene, Ira S. Ockene, and Robert J. Goldberg

Publications from 1992

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An evaluation of the perceived stress scale in two clinical populations, Lori Pbert, Leonard A. Doerfler, and Diana DeCosimo

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Impact of a physician intervention program to increase breast cancer screening, Mary E. Costanza, Jane G. Zapka, Donald R. Harris, David W. Hosmer, Robin S. Barth, Victoria P. Gaw, Harry L. Greene, and Anne M. Stoddard

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Changes in mammography use: economic, need, and service factors, Jane G. Zapka, David W. Hosmer, Mary E. Costanza, Donald R. Harris, and Anne M. Stoddard

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Patient characteristics and the effect of three physician-delivered smoking interventions, James R. Hebert, Jean L. Kristeller, Judith K. Ockene, Joan Landon, Rose S. Luippold, Robert J. Goldberg, and Kathryn Kalan

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Smoking: epidemiology, cessation, and prevention. Task Force on Research and Education for the Prevention and Control of Respiratory Diseases, Brian R. Flay, Judith K. Ockene, and Ira B. Tager

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Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders, Jon Kabat-Zinn, Ann O. Massion, Jean L. Kristeller, Linda Gay Peterson, Kenneth E. Fletcher, Lori Pbert, William R. Lenderking, and Saki F. Santorelli

Heavy smoking among a sample of employed women, Glorian Sorensen, Robert J. Goldberg, Judith K. Ockene, Janelle M. Klar, Terry Tannenbaum, and Stanley Lemeshow

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The relationship of ovarian steroids, headache activity and menstrual distress: a pilot study with female migraineurs, Jean C. Beckham, Linda M. Krug, Donald B. Penzien, Cheryl A. Johnson, Thomas H. Mosley Jr., G. Rodney Meeks, Lori Pbert, and Rita C. Prather

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Work-site nutrition intervention and employees' dietary habits: the Treatwell program, Glorian Sorensen, Diane H. Morris, Mary K. Hunt, James R. Hebert, Donald R. Harris, Anne M. Stoddard, and Judith K. Ockene

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Are we pushing the limits of public health interventions for smoking cessation, Judith K. Ockene