Association of depressive symptoms and lifestyle behaviors among Latinos at risk of type 2 diabetes

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Clinical and Population Health Research Program; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health

Publication Date


Document Type



Body Mass Index; Cross-Sectional Studies; Depression; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Diet; Exercise; Female; Hispanic Americans; Humans; Life Style; Linear Models; Logistic Models; Male; Massachusetts; Middle Aged; Prevalence; Psychometrics; Risk Factors


Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Preventive Medicine


Little is known about depression among Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the rate of depression in Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes and to examine the associations between depressive symptoms, diet, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI; calculated as kg/m(2)). Latinos at risk for type 2 diabetes (n=210) were surveyed from July 2007 to August 2008. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Three 24-hour recalls were used to assess diet and physical activity. Linear regression analyses were used to examine the association between depression, BMI, and lifestyle factors. The sample (78% female) was largely of Caribbean origin (83%) and mean age was 52 years (standard deviation [SD]=11 years). Mean BMI was 34.2 (SD=5.9) and 77% were obese. Average CES-D score was 16.3 (SD=11.3; range=0-45) and 50% had CES-D score > or =16, suggesting clinical depression. Higher CES-D scores were associated with lower diet quality (P<0.05), but were not associated with BMI or physical activity. Depression and lower dietary quality can contribute to risk for type 2 diabetes among Latinos.

DOI of Published Version



J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Jul;109(7):1246-50. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of the American Dietetic Association

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID