A Qualitative Exploration of Smoking Influences and Quit Attempts among Nondaily Smokers
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Preventive Medicine | Substance Abuse and Addiction
Objectives: We examined social cognitive constructs in relation to nondaily smoking and cessation-related behaviors in a community sample of adult nondaily smokers (>24 years of age).
Methods: We conducted six focus groups using a semi-structured interview format. Participants were 28 African-American and 24 white nondaily smokers.
Results: Participants described a sense of control over their smoking but previous failed quit attempts had negative implications for self-efficacy. Participants perceived themselves as reducing their health risks relative to daily smokers. Potential impediments to quitting include social influences to smoke and skepticism of using smoking cessation medications.
Conclusions: Smoking cessation messaging should specifically address nondaily smoking. Targeted health communications may help increase relevance to nondaily smokers and increase treatment utilization.
Non-daily smoking, Qualitative research, Quit attempts, Smoking
DOI of Published Version
Scheuermann, TS., Thomas, JL., Hayes, RB., Harwood, EM., Shanafelt, AP. Wolff, ER., Ahluwalia, JS. A Qualitative Exploration of Smoking Influences and Quit Attempts among Nondaily Smokers. Health Behavior and Policy Review. 2014;1(3):172-182. doi:10.14485/HBPR.1.3.1
Health Behavior and Policy Review
Scheuermann, Taneisha S.; Thomas, Janet L.; Hayes, Rashelle B.; Harwood, Eileen M.; Shanafelt, Amy P.; Wolff, Emily R.; and Ahluwalia, Jasjit S., "A Qualitative Exploration of Smoking Influences and Quit Attempts among Nondaily Smokers" (2014). Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications. 321.