A Qualitative Exploration of Smoking Influences and Quit Attempts among Nondaily Smokers

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine

Publication Date


Document Type



Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Preventive Medicine | Substance Abuse and Addiction


Objectives: We examined social cognitive constructs in relation to nondaily smoking and cessation-related behaviors in a community sample of adult nondaily smokers (>24 years of age).

Methods: We conducted six focus groups using a semi-structured interview format. Participants were 28 African-American and 24 white nondaily smokers.

Results: Participants described a sense of control over their smoking but previous failed quit attempts had negative implications for self-efficacy. Participants perceived themselves as reducing their health risks relative to daily smokers. Potential impediments to quitting include social influences to smoke and skepticism of using smoking cessation medications.

Conclusions: Smoking cessation messaging should specifically address nondaily smoking. Targeted health communications may help increase relevance to nondaily smokers and increase treatment utilization.


Non-daily smoking, Qualitative research, Quit attempts, Smoking

DOI of Published Version



Scheuermann, TS., Thomas, JL., Hayes, RB., Harwood, EM., Shanafelt, AP. Wolff, ER., Ahluwalia, JS. A Qualitative Exploration of Smoking Influences and Quit Attempts among Nondaily Smokers. Health Behavior and Policy Review. 2014;1(3):172-182. doi:10.14485/HBPR.1.3.1

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Health Behavior and Policy Review