Demographic, geographic, and temporal patterns of ambulance runs for suspected opiate overdose in Rhode Island, 1997-20021
Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Ambulances; Child; Child, Preschool; Continental Population Groups; Databases, Factual; Demography; Drug Overdose; Female; Geography; Humans; Infant; Male; Middle Aged; Naloxone; Opioid-Related Disorders; Rhode Island
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Clinical Epidemiology | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Epidemiology | Preventive Medicine
We examine ambulance runs for suspected opiate overdose from 1997 to 2002 using a Rhode Island Department of Health database. Of the 8,763 ambulance runs for overdoses, 18.6% were for suspected opiate overdoses. Most cases were males under age 54. Suspected opiate overdoses were more likely to occur in a private residence, were more frequent on Fridays and Saturdays, and peaked in incidence around 9:00 p.m. The incidence rate of suspected opiate overdose by year was similar. The study results may help identify areas for preventive intervention and demonstrate the limitation of using naloxone as a marker of opiate overdose events.
DOI of Published Version
Merchant RC, Schwartzapfel BL, Wolf FA, Li W, Carlson L, Rich JD. Demographic, geographic, and temporal patterns of ambulance runs for suspected opiate overdose in Rhode Island, 1997-20021. Subst Use Misuse. 2006;41(9):1209-26. Link to article on publisher's site
Substance use and misuse
Merchant, Roland C.; Schwartzapfel, Beth L.; Wolf, Francis A.; Li, Wenjun; Carlson, Lynn; and Rich, Josiah D., "Demographic, geographic, and temporal patterns of ambulance runs for suspected opiate overdose in Rhode Island, 1997-20021" (2006). Preventive and Behavioral Medicine Publications. 299.