Development and validation of worksite weight-related social norms surveys

Stephenie C. Lemon, University of Massachusetts Medical School
Qin Liu, University of Massachusetts Medical School
Robert P. Magner, University of Massachusetts Medical School
Kristin L. Schneider, University of Massachusetts Medical School
Lori Pbert, University of Massachusetts Medical School

Document Type Article

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of measures of worksite descriptive social norms for weight loss, physical activity, and eating behaviors.

METHODS: Three surveys were tested in 844 public high school employees. Factor analysis, Cronbach alpha, and tests of association with other worksite social contextual measures and behaviors were performed.

RESULTS: Each survey demonstrated high internal consistency and was associated with measures of social support and behaviors. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the reliability of the weight-loss and eating-behavior norms surveys, but not the physical-activity norms survey.

CONCLUSIONS: The weight-loss and eating norms surveys are reliable, valid measures.