Predictors of Continued Smoking and Interest in Cessation Among Older Female Smokers

UMMS Affiliation

UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine

Publication Date


Document Type



Behavioral Medicine | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Geriatrics | Preventive Medicine | Substance Abuse and Addiction | Women's Health


OBJECTIVES: Older female smokers are highly vulnerable, yet little is known about their attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors regarding smoking cessation.

METHODS: Southeast region Women's Health Initiative participants identified as smokers on at least one prior assessment were surveyed in 2012 regarding current tobacco use.

RESULTS: Most of these current and former smokers ( N = 409, 63% response) were non-Hispanic White (81.7%) and had some college (80%), with mean age of 75.1 years. Current smoking was confirmed by 56%, and while 61% of these reported a past-year quit attempt, less than half used quit aids. Of current smokers, 57.5% intended to quit within 6 months (26.6% within 30 days), and 68% were interested in joining a cessation study.

CONCLUSIONS: Older female smokers were highly motivated to quit, yet profoundly underutilized proven quit aids. Results support high acceptability of cessation interventions for this undertreated population.


Women’s Health Initiative, female smokers, older smokers, smoking cessation

DOI of Published Version



J Aging Health. 2018 Apr;30(4):624-640. doi: 10.1177/0898264316687622. Epub 2017 Jan 30. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of aging and health

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID