Title

Using Family and Ecological Systems Approaches to Conceptualize Family- and Community-Based Experiences of Transgender and/or Nonbinary Youth From the Trans Teen and Family Narratives Project

UMMS Affiliation

Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences; UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center

Publication Date

2022-03-01

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Community-Based Research | Family, Life Course, and Society | Gender and Sexuality | Health Services Research | Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychology

Abstract

The current study used family and ecological systems approaches to understand transgender and/or nonbinary (TNB) youths' experiences of their gender identity within family and community contexts. A sample of 33 TNB youth, ages 13-17 years (M = 15.18, SD = 1.24), were recruited from community-based venues in the New England region of the United States to participate in the Trans Teen and Family Narratives Project, a longitudinal community-based mixed methods study. TNB youth in the sample identified as trans girls (n = 12), trans boys (n = 17), and nonbinary (n = 3 assigned female at birth; n = 1 assigned male at birth). Race/ethnicity of the sample was 73% White and 15% mixed race/ethnicity. All participants completed a one-time, in-person semi-structured qualitative interview at baseline about their family and community-based experiences related to their TNB identity. Interviews were audio-recorded and professionally transcribed. Interview transcripts were coded and analyzed using immersion/crystallization and thematic analysis approaches. Eight themes were developed, which correspond to different levels of the ecological systems model: individual-level (identity processes, emotions/coping), family-level (general family experiences, family support), community-level (general community experiences; community support; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ) community), and societal/institutional-level (external forces). Findings emphasize the importance of using family and ecological systems approaches to understanding the family- and community-based experiences of TNB youth and have implications for improving clinical practice with TNB youth and families.

Keywords

adolescents, ecological systems, family systems, gender minority, nonbinary, transgender

DOI of Published Version

10.1037/sgd0000442

Source

Katz-Wise SL, Godwin EG, Parsa N, Brown CA, Sansfaçon AP, Goldman R, MacNish M, Rosal MC, Austin SB. Using Family and Ecological Systems Approaches to Conceptualize Family- and Community-Based Experiences of Transgender and/or Nonbinary Youth From the Trans Teen and Family Narratives Project. Psychol Sex Orientat Gend Divers. 2022 Mar;9(1):21-36. doi: 10.1037/sgd0000442. Epub 2020 Sep 3. PMID: 35755166; PMCID: PMC9231420. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Psychology of sexual orientation and gender diversity

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

35755166

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