UMass Worcester PRC Presentations

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center

Publication Date

2016-04-02

Document Type

Poster

Disciplines

Behavioral Medicine | Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Cardiovascular Diseases | Community Health | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Health Services Administration | Health Services Research | Preventive Medicine | Race and Ethnicity

Abstract

Background: Latinos bear high burden of nutrition related cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Dysfunctional eating behaviors (emotional eating, uncontrolled eating and cognitive restraint of eating) may influence metabolic CVD risk factors but little is known about this relationship in Latinos.

Objective: To examine associations between dysfunctional eating behaviors and metabolic risk factors for CVD in Latinos.

Methods: Latino individuals were recruited from a community health center. Participants completed standardized interviews (i.e., demographics, Three Factor Eating Questionnaire-TFEQ-R18V2, Perceived Stress Scale-10) and anthropometric measurements. Data on diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia were abstracted from medical records. Statistical analysis included multivariable logistic and Poisson regression models.

Results: A total of 578 participants (51% female, 67% Dominican), ages 21-84, were included in this analysis. Controlling for age, sex, education and perceived stress high emotional eating (hEE) was associated with greater odds of obesity (OR=2.25 (1.47, 3.24)) and diabetes (OR=1.80 (1.07, 3.01)). High uncontrolled eating (hUE) was associated with obesity (OR=2.16 (1.34, 3.47)) and high cognitive restraint (hCR) was associated with greater odds of obesity (OR=2.55 (1.64, 3.98)), diabetes (OR=2.39 (1.40, 4.04) and hyperlipidemia (OR=1.92 (1.17, 3.14)). Lastly, hEE, hUE and hCR were significantly associated increased odds of having a greater number of the metabolic CVD risk factors (IRR=1.39 (1.20, 1.59), IRR=1.21 (1.04, 1.42), IRR=1.45 (1.24, 1.69); respectively).

Conclusion: Interventions that target eating behaviors may facilitate reduction of metabolic CVD risk factors and health disparities in CVD among Latinos.

Keywords

dysfunctional eating, metabolic risk factors, cardiovascular disease, Latinos

Rights and Permissions

Copyright the Authors

Source

Emerging Leader in Nutrition Poster Competition at the Experimental Biology 2016 Annual Conference, San Diego, CA, 2016

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Emerging Leader in Nutrition Poster Competition at the Experimental Biology 2016 Annual Conference, San Diego, CA, 2016

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.