Structural basis for membrane recruitment and allosteric activation of cytohesin family Arf GTPase exchange factors
Program in Molecular Medicine; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
ADP-Ribosylation Factors; Allosteric Site; Catalytic Domain; GTP Phosphohydrolases; Models, Molecular; Protein Conformation; Surface Plasmon Resonance
Membrane recruitment of cytohesin family Arf guanine nucleotide exchange factors depends on interactions with phosphoinositides and active Arf GTPases that, in turn, relieve autoinhibition of the catalytic Sec7 domain through an unknown structural mechanism. Here, we show that Arf6-GTP relieves autoinhibition by binding to an allosteric site that includes the autoinhibitory elements in addition to the PH domain. The crystal structure of a cytohesin-3 construct encompassing the allosteric site in complex with the head group of phosphatidyl inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate and N-terminally truncated Arf6-GTP reveals a large conformational rearrangement, whereby autoinhibition can be relieved by competitive sequestration of the autoinhibitory elements in grooves at the Arf6/PH domain interface. Disposition of the known membrane targeting determinants on a common surface is compatible with multivalent membrane docking and subsequent activation of Arf substrates, suggesting a plausible model through which membrane recruitment and allosteric activation could be structurally integrated.
DOI of Published Version
Malaby AW, van den Berg B, Lambright DG. Structural basis for membrane recruitment and allosteric activation of cytohesin family Arf GTPase exchange factors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Aug 27;110(35):14213-8. doi:10.1073/pnas.1301883110. Link to article on publisher's site
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Malaby, Andrew W.; van den Berg, Bert; and Lambright, David G., "Structural basis for membrane recruitment and allosteric activation of cytohesin family Arf GTPase exchange factors" (2013). Program in Molecular Medicine Publications and Presentations. 14.