Document Type

Psychiatry Issue Brief

Publication Date





A Spanish translation of this publication is available to download under "Additional Files."

In 2016, there were 44,695 deaths by suicide in the United States. Suicide accounts for 1.6% of all deaths and is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States. Suicide attempts are much more common, with more than 1 million people per year attempting suicide. In response to this critical need in 2009, the National Institute for Mental Health funded ED Safety Assessment and Follow-up Evaluation (ED-SAFE). ED-SAFE was a large, three-phase suicide intervention trial designed to determine if an ED-initiated intervention could reduce subsequent suicidal behavior. Read more about the how the ED-SAFE study developed and tested a feasible approach to universal emergency department-based screening for suicide risk, as well as effective interventions that can be initiated at the emergency department visit.

Subject Area

Suicide Intervention and Prevention


research, suicide prevention, suicide intervention, emergency department, NIMH, results, Spanish

Rights and Permissions

Copyright © University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.