UMMS Affiliation

Program in Gene Function and Expression; Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology

Publication Date


Document Type



Genome, Human


Genetics and Genomics


The mission of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project is to enable the scientific and medical communities to interpret the human genome sequence and apply it to understand human biology and improve health. The ENCODE Consortium is integrating multiple technologies and approaches in a collective effort to discover and define the functional elements encoded in the human genome, including genes, transcripts, and transcriptional regulatory regions, together with their attendant chromatin states and DNA methylation patterns. In the process, standards to ensure high-quality data have been implemented, and novel algorithms have been developed to facilitate analysis. Data and derived results are made available through a freely accessible database. Here we provide an overview of the project and the resources it is generating and illustrate the application of ENCODE data to interpret the human genome.

DOI of Published Version



The ENCODE Project Consortium (2011) A User's Guide to the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE). PLoS Biol 9(4): e1001046. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001046. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

PLoS biology


Job Dekker, Bryan R. Lajoie, Amartya Sanyal, Zhiping Weng, Troy W. Whitfield, and Jie Wang are members of The ENCODE Project Consortium.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID