Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy region gene-1 (FRG-1) is an actin-bundling protein associated with muscle-attachment sites
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology
Medical Subject Headings
Actins; Active Transport, Cell Nucleus; Animals; Caenorhabditis elegans; Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins; Cell Nucleus; Cloning, Molecular; Costameres; Fluorescent Antibody Technique; Humans; Muscle Development; Muscles; Muscular Dystrophy,; Facioscapulohumeral; Nuclear Proteins; Protein Binding
Cell Biology | Developmental Biology | Molecular Biology | Molecular Genetics | Musculoskeletal Diseases | Nervous System Diseases
In vertebrates, overexpression of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) region gene 1 (FRG1) recapitulates the pathophysiology exhibited by FSHD patients, although the role of FRG1 in FSHD remains controversial and no precise function for FRG1 has been described in any organism. To gain insight into the function and potential role of FRG1 in FSHD, we analyzed the highly conserved Caenorhabditis elegans ortholog, frg-1. C. elegans body-wall muscles contain two distinct subcellular pools of FRG-1: nuclear FRG-1, concentrated in the nucleoli; and cytoplasmic FRG-1, associated with the Z-disk and costamere-like structures known as dense bodies. Functionally, we demonstrate that FRG-1 is an F-actin-bundling protein, consistent with its localization to dense bodies; this activity is conserved in human FRG1. This is particularly intriguing because it places FRG-1 along side the list of dense-body components whose vertebrate orthologs are involved in the myriad myopathies associated with disrupted costameres and Z-disks. Interestingly, overexpressed FRG-1 preferentially accumulates in the nucleus and, when overexpressed specifically from the frg-1 promoter, disrupts the adult ventral muscle structure and organization. Together, these data further support a role for FRG1 overexpression in FSHD pathophysiology and reveal the previously unsuspected direct involvement of FRG-1 in muscle structure and integrity.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: J Cell Sci. 2010 Apr 1;123(Pt 7):1116-23. doi: 10.1242/jcs.058958 Link to article on publisher's site
FSHD, Dense body, Muscle, FRG1, Muscular dystrophy, Actin
Liu, Qian; Jones, Takako I.; Tang, Vivian W.; Brieher, William M.; and Jones, Peter L., "Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy region gene-1 (FRG-1) is an actin-bundling protein associated with muscle-attachment sites" (2010). Peter Jones Lab Publications. 12.