Development and evaluation of a web-based assent for adolescents considering an HIV vaccine trial
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Adolescent Medicine; Meyers Primary Care Institute; Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Infectious Disease | Pediatrics
HIV vaccine trials with minors will likely require parental permission and informed assent from adolescents. For this to be a valid process, the information needs to be presented in a manner that promotes adolescent comprehension. Previous studies suggest that adolescent comprehension of assent is often insufficient. We developed an interactive web-based assent that included interspersed quiz questions for a hypothetical HIV vaccine trial. Efficacy of the web-based assent was compared to a standard paper assent with and without interspersed questions. One hundred twenty teen participants, ages 15-17 years, from five community organizations were randomized to self-administered web-based assent (n=60) or investigator-administered paper assent with (n=29) or without (n=31) interspersed quiz questions. After reviewing the assent, participants completed a 27-item comprehension test. Comprehension scores were compared between groups. The mean number of correctly answered questions were 21.2 for the full paper group and 21.1 for the web-based group (t118=-0.08, p=0.94). Scores were 20.2 for the paper without interspersed questions sub-group and 22.1 for the paper with interspersed questions sub-group (t58=1.96, p=0.055). Participants in the web-based group performed as well on the comprehension test as those in the paper group, and those in the paper with questions sub-group performed better than those in the paper without questions sub-group, suggesting that interspersed quiz questions may improve understanding of a traditional paper assent. The minimal investigator time and standardized administration of the web-based assent as well as ability to tailor the assent discussion to topics identified by incorrect comprehension test responses are advantages worthy of further investigation.
DOI of Published Version
AIDS Care. 2015;27(8):1005-13. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1024096. Epub 2015 Mar 24. Link to article on publisher's site
Blake, Diane R.; Lemay, Celeste; Maranda, Louise; Fortenberry, J. Dennis; Kearney, Margaret H.; and Mazor, Kathleen M., "Development and evaluation of a web-based assent for adolescents considering an HIV vaccine trial" (2015). Pediatric Publications and Presentations. 51.