UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology

Publication Date


Document Type



Cardiovascular Diseases | Circulatory and Respiratory Physiology | Pediatrics


Background: The data on the association of sleep duration and blood pressure in the pediatric age group have been mixed and most studies have focused on weekday sleep duration. The purpose of this study was to compare the weekday and weekend sleep patterns between children and adolescents with newly diagnosed primary hypertension and a normotensive control group.

Methods: Children and adolescents from a pediatric nephrology clinic, aged 6-18 years with newly diagnosed primary hypertension were compared to an age and sex matched normotensive control group from a general pediatric clinic. The questions about bed time and getting out of bed times from the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) were used to obtain weekday and weekend bed time, getting out of bed time and sleep duration. The Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS) was used to assess subjective sleepiness.

Results: In both groups of 60 subjects each, weekday total sleep time was similar. Subjects in both groups went to bed later and woke up later on the weekends. However, in the hypertensive group, weekend getting out of the bed time was earlier (8:52 AM +/-93 min vs. 9:36 AM +/-88 min, p = 0.013) and weekend catchup sleep was about 40 min less (62.8 +/- 85.5 vs. 102.7 +/- 84.9, p = 0.035). Hypertensive children perceived less subjective sleepiness (PDSS scores 8.28 +/- 4.88 vs. 10.63 +/- 5.41, p = 0.007). The p values were calculated after adjusting for body mass index (BMI), race, daytime nap, caffeine use, sleep related breathing disorder (SRBD) scale and periodic limb movement of sleep (PLMS) scale subcomponents of the PSQ.

Conclusions: Hypertensive children obtained less weekend catch up sleep and reported less subjective sleepiness compared to the control group. More weekend sleep may potentially mitigate the effect of weekday sleep deprivation on blood pressure.


Adolescents, Blood pressure, Children, Hypertension, Sleep duration

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© The Author(s). 2018 Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

DOI of Published Version



Clin Hypertens. 2018 Apr 5;24:7. doi: 10.1186/s40885-018-0092-6. eCollection 2018. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Clinical hypertension

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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.