Enteral nutrition in the management of pediatric intestinal failure

Kerri B. Gosselin, University of Massachusetts Medical School
Christopher Duggan, Boston Children's Hospital

At the time of publication, Kerri B. Gosselin was not yet affiliated with the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Abstract

Intestinal failure is an uncommon but devastating condition whose natural history has dramatically improved over the past two decades. Infants with intestinal failure due to severe short bowel syndrome or other diagnoses previously considered incompatible with life are now routinely being saved and cared for in cutting edge, multidisciplinary programs. Enteral nutrition plays a central role in the management of children with intestinal failure. This review provides an overview of enteral nutrition in pediatric intestinal failure, with specific emphasis on recent advances in clinical management, patient outcomes, and emerging therapies.