Title

Vitamin D Status and Adiposity in Pediatric Malabsorption Syndromes

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date

2015-05-30

Document Type

Article

Subjects

Vitamin D; Vitamin D Deficiency; Adiposity; Malabsorption Syndromes

Disciplines

Digestive System Diseases | Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Pediatrics

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The combined effects of nutrient malabsorption and adiposity on vitamin D status are unclear in pediatric malabsorption syndromes.

AIM: To determine the relationship between adiposity and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in malabsorption disorders.

METHODS: Prepubertal children of ages 3-12 with either lactose intolerance (LI) (n = 38, age 8.61 ± 3.08, male/female 19/19), or celiac disease (CD) (n = 24) were compared to healthy controls (n = 49, age 7.95 ± 2.64, male/female 28/21). A separate cohort of combined prepubertal and pubertal subjects with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (n = 59, age 16.4 ± 2.2, male/female 31/27) were also compared to healthy controls (n = 116, male/female 49/67, age 14.6 ± 4.4). Vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25(OH)D of/l, overweight as body mass index (BMI) of ≥85th but <95th >percentile, and obesity as BMI ≥95th percentile.

RESULTS: Among the controls, 25(OH)D was significantly higher in the normal-weight prepubertal controls vs. the overweight/obese controls (p = 0.001), and similarly so for the combined cohort of prepubertal and pubertal controls (p = 0.031). In contrast, there was no significant difference in 25(OH)D concentration between the normal-weight vs. overweight/obese patients with LI (p = 0.335), CD (p = 0.387), and IBD (p = 0.883).

CONCLUSION: There is no association between adiposity and serum 25(OH)D in pediatric malabsorption syndromes. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Keywords

Vitamin D, Adiposity, Inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, Ulcerative colitis, Children and adolescents, Celiac disease, Lactose intolerance

DOI of Published Version

10.1371/10.1159/000381895

Source

Nwosu BU, Maranda L. Vitamin D Status and Adiposity in Pediatric Malabsorption Syndromes. Digestion. 2015 May 30;92(1):1-7. DOI:10.1159/000381895. PubMed PMID: 26043850. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Digestion

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID

26043850

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