Educating diabetes camp counselors with a human patient simulator: A pilot study

UMMS Affiliation

Graduate School of Nursing; Department of Pediatrics; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine



Document Type


Medical Subject Headings

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1; Hypoglycemia; Counseling; Patient Simulation; Manikins


Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Pediatrics


Purpose.  The purpose of this study was to pilot test the feasibility and efficacy of a novel method of teaching camp counselors hypoglycemia management.

Design and Methods.  During orientation, counselors were assigned to the experimental (n= 21) or control (n= 15) group and received hypoglycemia education. The experimental group received supplemental education with a human patient simulator (HPS).

Results.  Baseline demographics, knowledge, and self-efficacy were similar between groups. The experimental group had a significantly larger gain in diabetes knowledge than the control group. Within-participant change in self-efficacy did not differ by group. We observed a significant effect modification, with larger treatment-related differences in the small subgroup with no previous diabetes exposure.

Practice Implications.  This feasibility study demonstrated the ease of teaching diabetes management to camp counselors using HPS.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2012 Apr;17(2):121-128. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6155.2011.00322.x. Epub 2012 Jan 31.

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Link to article in PubMed

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