UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pediatrics

Publication Date


Document Type



Canada; Child; Child, Preschool; *Critical Illness; *Erythrocytes; Materials Management, Hospital; *Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Prospective Studies; Time Factors; United States




INTRODUCTION: Transfusion is a common treatment in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). Studies in adults suggest that prolonged storage of red blood cell units is associated with worse clinical outcome. No prospective study has been conducted in children. Our objectives were to assess the clinical impact of the length of storage of red blood cell units on clinical outcome of critically ill children.

METHODS: Prospective, observational study conducted in 30 North American centers, in consecutive patients aged <18 years with a stay>or= 48 hours in a PICU. The primary outcome measure was the incidence of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome after transfusion. The secondary outcomes were 28-day mortality and PICU length of stay. Odds ratios were adjusted for gender, age, number of organ dysfunctions at admission, total number of transfusions, and total dose of transfusion, using a multiple logistic regression model.

RESULTS: The median length of storage was 14 days in 296 patients with documented length of storage. For patients receiving blood stored >or= 14 days, the adjusted odds ratio for an increased incidence of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome was 1.87 (95% CI 1.04;3.27, P = 0.03). There was also a significant difference in the total PICU length of stay (adjusted median difference +3.7 days, P < 0.001) and no significant change in mortality.

CONCLUSIONS: In critically ill children, transfusion of red blood cell units stored for >or= 14 days is independently associated with an increased occurrence of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and prolonged PICU stay.

Rights and Permissions

© 2010 Karam et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

DOI of Published Version



Crit Care. 2010;14(2):R57. Epub 2010 Apr 8. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Critical care (London, England)

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Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID


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Pediatrics Commons