The proximal biceps tendon: tricks and pearls

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation

Publication Date


Document Type



Arthroscopy; Chronic Disease; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Injury Severity Score; Joint Instability; Male; Muscle, Skeletal; Orthopedic Procedures; Pain Measurement; Range of Motion, Articular; Risk Assessment; Rotator Cuff; Rupture; Sensitivity and Specificity; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome; Shoulder Pain; Tendon Injuries; Tendon Transfer; Tenodesis; Treatment Outcome


Orthopedics | Rehabilitation and Therapy


The diagnosis and treatment of proximal biceps tendon injuries continue to be a challenge. The difficulty lies on determining if there is isolated biceps pathology versus concomitant rotator cuff tears or instability. Imaging modalities, such as magnetic resonance imaging, continue to provide us with the extra tool to help us confirm our suspicion of additional pathology. Symptomatic biceps tendon tears can undergo debridement, tenotomy, or tenodesis if nonoperative measures fail to provide relief. Reports from performing a biceps tenotomy often give similar functional outcomes compared with tenodesis. Cosmetic deformity on the lateral arm may be noted with tenodesis and initial fatigue. Tenodesis may subject the patient to a longer rehabilitation process and increased pain. The decision of which one should be performed lies between the physician and the patient's expectations.

DOI of Published Version



Sports Med Arthrosc. 2008 Sep;16(3):187-94. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Sports medicine and arthroscopy review

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID