UMMS Affiliation

Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type

Article Preprint


Health Services Administration | Musculoskeletal Diseases | Orthopedics | Rehabilitation and Therapy


Objective: African Americans patients have greater operative joint pain and functional limitation at the time of total joint replacement (TJR) compared to white patients. We examined the factors associated with this apparent disparity.

Methods: A consecutive sample of 5745 patients with advanced knee and hip osteoarthritis [who elected to undergo TJR in 2011-201] reported, preoperatively, medical comorbidities, operative and non-operative hip/ knee pain using Hip and Knee Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores (HOOS/KOOS), function using Short Form 36 Physical Component Score (PCS). Total burden of musculoskeletal pain was quantified as moderate/severe pain in non-operative hip and knee joints and lumbar back pain using Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Associations among race, medical co-morbidites (modified Charlson), total musculoskeletal pain burden, operative joint pain, and functional limitations were examined using multivariable regression models.

Results:Compared to Whites, African Americans (143 hips and 201 knees) reported worse surgical joint pain (mean pain: 39.3 vs. 49.2 [hip]; 43.4 vs. 53.2 [knee]), poorer surgical joint function (mean function: 38.9 vs. 45.7 [hip]; 45.9 vs. 53.4 [knee]), poorer global function (mean PCS: 30.0 vs. 31.6 [hip]; 31.3 vs. 33.1 [knee]), and more non-operative joints pain (p

Conclusions: Greater burden of musculoskeletal pain explains differences in pre-operative pain and function between African American and white patients and likely impacts rehabilitation and subsequent TJR outcomes.


total joint replacement (TJR), musculoskeletal pain, rehabilitation, African Americans, Whites, health disparities

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Copyright © 2017 The Author(s).

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Journal/Book/Conference Title

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications


This article is a preprint and has not been peer-reviewed.

This work is funded in part by a grant (P50HS018910) from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and by a grant from the Gladden Society.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.