Identification of a 27-kDa protein with the properties of type II iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase in dibutyryl cyclic AMP-stimulated glial cells
Department of Nuclear Medicine; Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism; Department of Physiology
Affinity Labels; Animals; Animals, Newborn; Bucladesine; Cells, Cultured; Cerebral Cortex; Iodide Peroxidase; Isoenzymes; Kinetics; Molecular Weight; Nerve Tissue Proteins; Neuroglia; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Thyroxine; Triiodothyronine
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Type II iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase (5'D-II) catalyzes the intracellular conversion of thyroxine (T4) to 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3), producing greater than 90% of the bioactive thyroid hormone in the cerebral cortex. In cultured glial cells, expression of this enzyme is cAMP dependent. Exploiting the cAMP-dependent nature of this enzyme in these cells and utilizing N-bromoacetyl-L-3'- or 5'-[125I]thyroxine (BrAc[125I]T4) to affinity label cellular proteins, a 27-kDa protein with the properties of this enzyme was identified. Intact cells labeled with BrAc[125I]T4 showed three prominent radiolabeled bands of proteins of Mr 55,000, 27,000, and 18,000 (p55, p27, p18, respectively) which incorporated approximately 80% of the affinity label. All three affinity-labeled proteins were membrane associated. One protein (p27) increased 5-6-fold after treating the cells for 16 h with dibutyryl cAMP; maximal specific incorporation of affinity label into the stimulated p27 was approximately 2 pmol/mg of cell protein in intact cells. Alterations in the steady-state levels of 5'D-II resulted in parallel changes in the quantity of p27. In cell sonicates, the rate of enzyme inactivation by BrAcT4 equaled the rate of affinity label incorporation into stimulated p27, whereas p55 and p18 showed little or no specific dibutyryl cAMP-stimulated labeling. Enzyme substrates T4 and 3,3'5'-triiodothyronine (rT3) specifically blocked p27 labeling, whereas T3 and the competitive 5'D-II inhibitor EMD 21388 (a synthetic flavonoid) were much less effective. Iopanoate, an inhibitor of all deiodinase isozymes, was ineffective in blocking p27 labeling. Inhibition kinetics revealed that iopanoate was a noncompetitive inhibitor of dibutyryl cAMP-stimulated glial cell 5'D-II, suggesting that it interacts at a site distant from the substrate-binding site. These data identify a cAMP-inducible membrane-associated protein (p27) that has many of the properties of 5'D-II.
J Biol Chem. 1989 Dec 5;264(34):20561-7.
The Journal of biological chemistry
Farwell, Alan P. and Leonard, Jack L., "Identification of a 27-kDa protein with the properties of type II iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase in dibutyryl cyclic AMP-stimulated glial cells" (1989). Open Access Articles. 875.