Hexose transport stimulation and membrane redistribution of glucose transporter isoforms in response to cholera toxin, dibutyryl cyclic AMP, and insulin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

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Program in Molecular Medicine

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Adipose Tissue; Animals; Biological Transport; Blotting, Western; Bucladesine; Cell Compartmentation; Cell Line; Cell Membrane; Cholera Toxin; Deoxy Sugars; Deoxyglucose; Insulin; Intracellular Membranes; Mice; Microsomes; Monosaccharide Transport Proteins; Time Factors


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


Exposure of 3T3-L1 adipocytes to 100 ng/ml of cholera toxin or 1 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP caused a marked stimulation of deoxyglucose transport. A maximal increase of 10- to 15-fold was observed after 12-24 h of exposure, while 100 nM insulin elicited an increase of similar magnitude within 30 min. A short term exposure (4 h) of cells to cholera toxin or dibutyryl cyclic AMP resulted in a 3- to 4-fold increase in deoxyglucose transport which was associated with significant redistribution of both the HepG2/erythrocyte (GLUT1) and muscle/adipocyte (GLUT4) glucose transporters from low density microsomes to the plasma membrane fraction. Total cellular amounts of both transporter proteins remained constant. In contrast, cells exposed to cholera toxin or dibutyryl cyclic AMP for 12 h exhibited elevations in total cellular contents of GLUT1 (but not GLUT4) protein to about 1.5- and 2.5-fold above controls, respectively. Although such treatments of cells with cholera toxin (12 h) versus insulin (30 min) caused similar 10-fold enhancements of deoxyglucose transport, a striking discrepancy was observed with respect to the content of glucose transporter proteins in the plasma membrane fraction. While insulin elicited a 2.6-fold increase in the levels of GLUT4 protein in the plasma membrane fraction, cholera toxin increased the amount of this transporter by only 30%. Insulin or cholera toxin increased the levels of GLUT1 protein in the plasma membrane fraction equally (1.6-fold). Thus, a greater number of glucose transporters in the plasma membrane fraction is associated with transport stimulation by insulin compared to cholera toxin. We conclude that: 1) at early times (4 h) after the addition of cholera toxin or dibutyryl cyclic AMP to 3T3-L1 adipocytes, redistribution of glucose transporters to the plasma membrane appears to contribute to elevated deoxyglucose uptake rates, and 2) the stimulation of hexose uptake after prolonged treatment (12-18 h) of cells with cholera toxin may involve an additional increase in the intrinsic activity of one or both glucose transporter isoforms.


J Biol Chem. 1990 Jul 25;265(21):12434-43.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of biological chemistry

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