A guanosine diphosphatase enriched in Golgi vesicles of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Purification and characterization

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

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Chromatography, Affinity; Chromatography, Gel; Chromatography, Ion Exchange; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Golgi Apparatus; Kinetics; Molecular Weight; Pyrophosphatases; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Substrate Specificity


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


We have recently described a luminal guanosine diphosphatase activity in Golgi-like vesicles of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Abeijon, C., Orlean, P., Robbins, P. W., and Hirschberg, C. B. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 86, 6935-6939). The presumed in vivo role of this enzyme is to convert GDP into GMP. GDP is a reaction product following outer-chain mannosylation of luminal proteins and a known inhibitor of mannosyltransferases. It is hypothesized that GMP then returns to the cytosol. We have purified this enzyme to apparent homogeneity. Following solubilization from a membrane pellet using a buffer containing Triton X-100, the enzyme was purified on a concanavalin A-Sepharose column followed by Mono Q fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) and Superose-12 FPLC columns. After treatment with endoglycosidase H, the deglycosylated active enzyme was applied to a second Mono Q FPLC column and a phenyl-Superose FPLC column. The final enzyme activity was enriched 6500-fold over that of the Triton X-100 extract. The apparant molecular mass of the deglycosylated enzyme is 47 kDa. The purified enzyme is highly specific for guanosine diphosphate, requires Ca2+ for maximal activity, and has a broad pH optimum between 7.4 and 8.2. The apparent Km for GDP is 0.1 mM; the Vmax is 4.9 mmol/min/mg of protein. An enzyme activity with similar substrate specificity has also been detected in membranes of Schizosaccharomyces pombe.


J Biol Chem. 1990 Nov 5;265(31):19351-5.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of biological chemistry

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