Comparison of the physicochemical properties of type I and type II iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase
Department of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism
Affinity Labels; Animals; Autoradiography; Cells, Cultured; Chromatography, Gel; Cyanogen Bromide; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; Iodide Peroxidase; Male; Peptide Mapping; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
The 5'-deiodination of thyroxine is catalyzed by two enzymes which differ in their tissue distribution, substrate specificities, sensitivity to the inhibitor, propylthiouracil, and response to thyroid status. By using the affinity label, N-bromoacetyl-L-thyroxine, both isoenzymes have been found to have substrate binding subunits of approximately 27 kDa. In this study, we compared the substrate binding subunits and hydrodynamic properties of the type I and the type II isozymes using the affinity label, N-bromoacetyl-L-thyroxine, to identify the enzymes. High resolution sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that the substrate binding subunit of the type I enzyme had an Mr of 27,000, while that of the type II enzyme had a slightly higher Mr of 29,000. This difference was not accounted for by glycosylation. Partial staphylococcal V8-protease digests of the substrate binding subunit of the type I enzyme yielded fragments of 14.6, 13.7, and 7.0 kDa, while V8-protease digests of the substrate binding subunit for the type II enzyme produced fragments of 28.0, 25.1, 19.0, 9.5, 7.2, and 5.8 kDa. Unique cyanogen bromide fragmentation patterns were also observed for the two substrate binding subunits. Sedimentation coefficients of the detergent-soluble type I and type II holoenzymes were 3.67 and 5.22 S, respectively, as determined by sucrose density centrifugation. The type I enzyme behaved as a globular protein, whereas the type II enzyme showed sedimentation properties typical of asymmetric integral membrane proteins. The Stokes radii were 3.78 and 4.97 nm, respectively. From these data, the calculated Mr for detergent-solubilized type I 5'-iodothyronine deiodinase was 55,400 and for the type II enzyme was 198,700. These data indicate that the two isozymes of iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase are multimeric, differ in holoenzyme size and subunit composition, and that their substrate binding subunits are distinct.
J Biol Chem. 1991 Feb 15;266(5):3233-8.
The Journal of biological chemistry
Safran, Marjorie and Leonard, Jack L., "Comparison of the physicochemical properties of type I and type II iodothyronine 5'-deiodinase" (1991). Open Access Articles. 856.