An introduction to quality of life assessment in oncology: the value of measuring patient-reported outcomes

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health

Publication Date


Document Type



Decision Making; Humans; Managed Care Programs; Medical Oncology; Neoplasms; *Quality of Life; Self Efficacy; *Sickness Impact Profile; Survival Analysis; *Treatment Outcome; United States


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


This article provides an introduction to the concepts of quality of life (QOL) research, including the documented uses and benefits of patient-reported outcomes. Health-related QOL data have been useful in clinical care studies, clinical trials, and cost-effectiveness studies. In the area of cancer treatment, such health-related QOL data have been influential on treatment decisions and cancer care. In addition, this article addresses the challenges resulting from more frequent use of patient-reported outcomes by researchers and physicians. In particular, the impact of the response-shift phenomenon is examined, as well as the time pressure, clinical constraints, and suboptimal communication skills that may hinder the transfer of information from patient to physician and/or researcher.


Am J Manag Care. 2002 Dec;8(18 Suppl):S550-9.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The American journal of managed care

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID