Identification of residues in the L1 region of the RecA protein which are important to recombination or coprotease activities

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Publication Date


Document Type



Amino Acid Sequence; Bacterial Proteins; DNA; DNA Repair; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutagenesis, Insertional; Rec A Recombinases; *Recombination, Genetic; Serine Endopeptidases; Structure-Activity Relationship


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


Using a combinatorial cassette mutagenesis procedure we have introduced a large number of single and multiple amino acid substitutions into an area of the RecA protein defined by residues 152-159. This sequence overlaps the disordered loop 1 region (L1) in the RecA crystal structure which has been hypothesized to be involved in DNA binding. Assays for recombinational DNA repair and LexA coprotease activities identify Glu154 as the only one of these 8 residues which is critical to RecA function. Several other mutations observed at nearby residues support the identity of Glu154 as the most important of the 14 residues in the area defined by Pro151 to Met164. In addition, Gly157 and Glu158 appear to be hot spots for the occurrence of mutation-induced constitutive coprotease activity.


J Biol Chem. 1994 Oct 21;269(42):26311-22.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of biological chemistry

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID