Role of the Raf/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in p21ras desensitization

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Program in Molecular Medicine

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Document Type



3T3 Cells; *Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; Animals; Enzyme Activation; Epidermal Growth Factor; Estradiol; GRB2 Adaptor Protein; Membrane Proteins; Mice; Phosphorylation; Platelet-Derived Growth Factor; Protein Kinases; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; Proteins; Proto-Oncogene Proteins; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf; Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras); Receptors, Estradiol; Recombinant Fusion Proteins; Son of Sevenless Proteins; Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


Desensitization of p21(ras) after stimulation of cells by growth factors and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) correlates with hyperphosphorylation of the guanine nucleotide exchange factor Son-of-sevenless (Sos) and its dissociation from the adaptor protein Grb2 (Cherniack, A., Klarlund, J. K., Conway, B. R., and Czech, M. P. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 1485-1488). To test the role of the Raf/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway, we utilized cells expressing a chimera composed of the catalytic domain of p74Raf-1 and the hormone binding domain of the estradiol receptor (DeltaRaf-1:ER). Estradiol markedly stimulated DeltaRaf-1:ER and the downstream MEK and MAP kinases in these cells as well as Sos phosphorylation. However, the dissociation of Grb2 from Sos observed in response to PMA was not apparent upon DeltaRaf-1:ER activation. Furthermore, stimulation of DeltaRaf-1:ER did not impair GTP loading of p21(ras) in response to platelet-derived growth factor or epidermal growth factor. We conclude that activation of the Raf/MAP kinase pathway alone in these cells is insufficient to cause disassembly of Sos from Grb2 or to interrupt the ability of Sos to catalyze activation of p21(ras).

DOI of Published Version



J Biol Chem. 1996 Jul 12;271(28):16674-7.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of biological chemistry

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