ATP depletion affects the phosphorylation state, ligand binding, and nuclear transport of the 4 S polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-binding protein in rat hepatoma cells

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Toxicology

Publication Date


Document Type



2,4-Dinitrophenol; Adenosine Triphosphate; Animals; Azides; Benzo(a)pyrene; Biological Transport; Carrier Proteins; Cell Compartmentation; Cell Nucleus; Cell Survival; Cells, Cultured; Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1; Cytosol; Glycine N-Methyltransferase; Liver Neoplasms, Experimental; *Methyltransferases; Okadaic Acid; Phosphoprotein Phosphatases; Rats; Staurosporine


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


In the rat, cytochrome P4501A1 gene expression is thought to be regulated by several trans-acting factors including the 4 S polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-binding protein. Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation have been suggested to influence the function of many cytosolic receptors and transcription factors. The ATP level within H4IIE rat hepatoma cells could be depleted by treatment with sodium azide or 2,4-dinitrophenol; restoration of the original ATP levels occurred with addition of glucose to the cell culture. ATP depletion reduced the phosphate content of the 4 S protein by approximately 25-30%, which lowered the binding of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) to the 4 S protein by >60%. This effect could not be reversed by the addition of ATP to the binding reaction mixtures. Alkaline phosphatase treatment of the purified 4 S protein in a cell-free system also reduced the B[a]P binding to the protein. Cells treated with a protein phosphatase inhibitor, okadaic acid, and a protein kinase inhibitor, staurosporin, affected the B[a]P binding of the 4 S protein positively and negatively, respectively. These data suggested that phosphorylation is involved in the interaction of the 4 S protein with the PAH. The nuclear translocation of the predominantly cytosolic binding protein has been investigated after ligand binding. Western blots with the immunopurified 4 S PAH-binding protein from cytosolic and nuclear lysates showed significant differences in the distribution of the 4 S receptor between cytosolic and nuclear compartments in control and ATP-depleted cells. Ligand binding stimulated the movement of the receptor into the nucleus, which was completely blocked by reducing the intracellular ATP concentration. These findings provide new information on the role of ATP and phosphorylation on the interaction of B[a]P with 4 S PAH-binding protein and its nuclear translocation.

DOI of Published Version



J Biol Chem. 1996 Dec 20;271(51):32551-6.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of biological chemistry

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