Distinct but overlapping sites within the cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain for dimerization and for intermediate chain and light intermediate chain binding
Department of Cell Biology
Animals; Binding Sites; COS Cells; Cytoplasm; Dimerization; Dynein ATPase; Mutagenesis, Site-Directed; Point Mutation; Protein Isoforms; Protein Subunits; Rats; Recombinant Proteins; Transfection
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Cytoplasmic dynein is a molecular motor complex consisting of four major classes of polypeptide: the catalytic heavy chains (HC), intermediate chains (IC), light intermediate chains (LIC), and light chains (LC). Previous studies have reported that the ICs bind near the N terminus of the HCs, which is thought to correspond to the base of the dynein complex. In this study, we co-overexpressed cytoplasmic dynein subunits in COS-7 cells to map HC binding sites for the ICs and LICs, as well as HC dimerization. We have found that the LICs bind directly to the N terminus of the HC, adjacent to and overlapping with the IC binding site, consistent with a role for the LICs in cargo binding. Mutation of the LIC P-loop had no detectable effect on HC binding. We detected no direct interaction between the ICs and LICs. Using triple overexpression of HC, IC and LIC, we found that both IC and LIC are present in the same complexes, a result verified by anti-IC immunoprecipitation of endogenous complexes and immunoblotting. Our results indicate that the LICs and ICs must be located on independent surfaces of cytoplasmic dynein to allow each to interact with other proteins without steric interference.
DOI of Published Version
J Biol Chem. 2000 Oct 20;275(42):32769-74. Link to article on publisher's site
The Journal of biological chemistry
Tynan, Sharon H.; Gee, Melissa A.; and Vallee, Richard B., "Distinct but overlapping sites within the cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain for dimerization and for intermediate chain and light intermediate chain binding" (2000). Open Access Articles. 754.