Tailored low-dose fluoroscopic voiding cystourethrography for the reevaluation of vesicoureteral reflux in girls

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology; Department of Urology

Publication Date


Document Type



Child; Female; Fluoroscopy; Humans; Ovary; Radiation Dosage; Radiation Protection; Radiographic Image Enhancement; Radiometry; Urethra; Urinary Bladder; Urination; Vesico-Ureteral Reflux


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


OBJECTIVE. Radionuclide voiding cystography is generally advocated for the reevaluation of proved vesicoureteral reflux. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of tailored low-dose fluoroscopic voiding cystourethrography for this purpose. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Forty-five girls (2 years 9 months to 19 years 7 months old; mean, 7.4 years) who had proved reflux were examined with tailored low-dose voiding cystourethrography. The technique used a low-dose fluoroscopic system and a computer-based video frame grabber that produced frame-averaged digital video fluoroscopic hard copies. A tailored voiding cystourethrographic protocol was designed to minimize ovarian radiation dose. Digital images were compared with standard 105-mm spot films in a similar group of 25 children. RESULTS. The tailored low-dose fluoroscopic technique produced diagnostically adequate images in all patients that were comparable in quality to standard spot films. The ovarian dose was 1.7-5.2 mrad (0.017-0.052 mGy) with a mean of 2.9 mrad (0.029 mGy). This compared favorably with the lowest reported doses with the radionuclide technique. CONCLUSION. Tailored low-dose fluoroscopic voiding cystourethrography is an attractive and practical alternative to the radionuclide technique in girls with proved vesicoureteral reflux.

DOI of Published Version



AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994 May;162(5):1151-4; discussion 1155-6.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

AJR. American journal of roentgenology

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PubMed ID