Activity of the osteocalcin promoter in skeletal sites of transgenic mice and during osteoblast differentiation in bone marrow-derived stromal cell cultures: effects of age and sex
Department of Cell Biology and Cancer Center
Aging; Animals; Bone Marrow Cells; Bone and Bones; *Cell Differentiation; Cells, Cultured; Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase; Mice; Mice, Transgenic; Osteoblasts; Osteocalcin; *Promoter Regions (Genetics); Sex Characteristics; Stromal Cells; Transfection
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
The bone-specific osteocalcin gene is a well established marker of osteoblast activity. We have studied osteocalcin transcription in transgenic mice carrying rat osteocalcin promoter-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter constructs. Transgenic lines carrying each of the 1.7-, 1.1-, 0.72-, or 0.35-kilobase promoter constructs expressed the reporter gene in a tissue-specific manner. However, each of these constructs was sensitive to site of integration effects, reflected by a high frequency of nonexpressing transgenic lines. High expression of the 1.7-kilobase promoter in osseous tissues was accompanied by low ectopic expression in the brain. Analysis of CAT expression in femurs, calvariae, and lumbar vertebrae of this line indicated considerable variability in promoter activity among individual transgenic animals. Analysis of the variance in CAT activity demonstrated a linkage between promoter activities in these distant skeletal sites. Promoter activity was inversely correlated with age, and females exhibited severalfold higher activity than age-matched males. Bone marrow stromal cells from these animals, cultured under conditions that support osteoblast differentiation, exhibited the expected postproliferative onset of osteocalcin promoter activity, as assessed by CAT assay. The ex vivo CAT activity was not dependent on the sex or the age of the donor transgenic mouse. Taken together, our results are consistent with the hypothesis that a common, probably humoral, factor(s) regulates osteocalcin transcription in distant skeletal sites. We suggest that the abundance of this factor(s) is different between males and females and among individual mice at a given time point, and that ex vivo culturing of osteoblasts reduces the variation in osteocalcin promoter activity by eliminating the physiological contribution of this factor.
Endocrinology. 1997 May;138(5):2109-16.
Frenkel, Baruch; Capparelli, Casey; Van Auken, Moira; Baran, Daniel T.; Bryan, J.; Stein, Janet L.; Stein, Gary S.; and Lian, Jane B., "Activity of the osteocalcin promoter in skeletal sites of transgenic mice and during osteoblast differentiation in bone marrow-derived stromal cell cultures: effects of age and sex" (1997). Open Access Articles. 524.