UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pathology

Publication Date


Document Type



Medical Education | Neoplasms | Pathology | Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases


The following fictional case is intended as a learning tool within the Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME), a set of national standards for teaching pathology. These are divided into three basic competencies: Disease Mechanisms and Processes, Organ System Pathology, and Diagnostic Medicine and Therapeutic Pathology.


HER-2, breast, factors affecting response and prognosis of breast cancer, molecular basis of breast neoplasms, organ system pathology, pathology competencies

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Copyright © The Author(s) 2021. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work as published without adaptation or alteration, without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (

DOI of Published Version



Jennings J, Clark JL. Educational Case: HER-2 Positive Breast Cancer. Acad Pathol. 2021 Sep 14;8:23742895211041737. doi: 10.1177/23742895211041737. PMID: 34869831; PMCID: PMC8642036. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Academic pathology

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.