UMMS Affiliation

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics; Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences

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Article Postprint


Endocrine System Diseases | Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases | Pediatrics


Background: The impact of the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory actions of Vitamin D on the duration of partial clinical remission (PR) in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is unclear. Objective: To determine the effect of adjunctive ergocalciferol on residual β-cell function (RBCF) and PR in youth with newly-diagnosed T1D who were maintained on a standardized insulin treatment protocol. Hypothesis: Ergocalciferol supplementation increases RBCF and prolongs PR. Methods: A 12-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 50,000 IU of ergocalciferol per week for 2 months, and then once every 2 weeks for 10 months, versus placebo in 36 subjects of ages 10-21years(y), with T1D ofmonths, and a stimulated C-peptide (SCP) level of ≥0.2nmol/L (≥0.6ng/mL). The ergocalciferol group had 18 randomized subjects (10m/ 8f), mean age 13.3±2.8y; while the control group had 18 subjects (14m/4f), age 14.3±2.9y. Results: The ergocalciferol treatment group had significantly higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D at 6 months (p=0.01) and 9 months (p=0.02) than the placebo group. At 12 months, the ergocalciferol group had a significantly lower serum TNF-α concentration (p=0.03). There were no significant differences between the groups at each timepoint from baseline to 12 months for SCP concentration (p=0.08), HbA1c (p=0.09), insulin-dose-adjusted A1c (IDAA1c), or total daily dose of insulin. Temporal trends for rising HbA1c (p=0.044) and IDAA1c (p=0.015) were significantly blunted in the ergocalciferol group. Conclusions: Ergocalciferol significantly reduced serum TNF-α concentration and the rates of increase in both A1c and IDAA1c suggesting a protection of RBCF and PR in youth with newly-diagnosed T1D.


type 1 diabetes, ergocalciferol, partial clinical remission, pediatrics, C-peptide

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© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Endocrine Society. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs licence (, which permits non-commercial reproduction and distribution of the work, in any medium, provided the original work is not altered or transformed in any way, and that the work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact

DOI of Published Version



Nwosu BU, Parajuli S, Jasmin G, Fleshman J, Sharma RB, Alonso LC, Lee AF, Barton BA. Ergocalciferol in New-onset Type 1 diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the Endocrine Society. 2021 Nov 26. doi:10.1210/jendso/bvab179. View article on publisher's site

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Journal of the Endocrine Society

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.