UMMS Affiliation

School of Medicine; Department of Dermatology

Publication Date


Document Type



Dermatology | Neoplasms | Pediatrics | Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases


Did you know the reason behind wearing sunscreen is more than just preventing a sunburn? Sun damage to the skin over a lifetime can lead to the most dangerous type of skin cancer, called melanoma. Melanoma is abnormal growth of the pigment-producing cells of the skin, the same types of cells that make up moles. Though rare in young people, the risk for melanoma increases with age. Melanoma in kids looks and acts differently than it does in adults, often making the diagnosis challenging for doctors. Early diagnosis is important so that the melanoma can be removed and treated before it spreads to other parts of the body. Protective actions done in childhood, such as wearing sunscreen, avoiding excessive sun exposure, and wearing protective clothing when out in the sun, will help to prevent melanoma later in life.


Melanoma, Melanocytes, Mutation, Contact Inhibition, Immunosuppression, Dermatoscope, Metastasis, Vitiligo

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Copyright © 2021 Neale and Richmond. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

DOI of Published Version



Neale H and Richmond J (2021) Understanding Melanoma in Kids and Adults. Front. Young Minds. 9:570445. doi: 10.3389/frym.2021.570445. View article on publisher's website

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Frontiers for Young Minds

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.