Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses | Pulmonology | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Virus Diseases | Viruses
BACKGROUND: While tuberculosis is considered a risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a restrictive pattern of pulmonary impairment may actually be more common among tuberculosis survivors. We aimed to determine the nature of pulmonary impairment before and after treatment among people with HIV and tuberculosis and identify risk factors for long-term impairment.
METHODS: In this prospective cohort study conducted in South Africa, we enrolled adults newly diagnosed with HIV and tuberculosis who were initiating antiretroviral therapy and tuberculosis treatment. We measured lung function and symptoms at baseline, 6, and 12 months. We compared participants with and without pulmonary impairment and constructed logistic regression models to identify characteristics associated with pulmonary impairment.
RESULTS: Among 134 participants with a median CD4 count of 110 cells/mul, 112 (83%) completed baseline spirometry at which time 32 (29%) had restriction, 13 (12%) had obstruction, and 9 (7%) had a mixed pattern. Lung function was dynamic over time and 30 (33%) participants had impaired lung function at 12 months. Baseline restriction was associated with greater symptoms and with long-term pulmonary impairment (adjusted odds ratio 5.44, 95% confidence interval 1.16-25.45), while baseline obstruction was not (adjusted odds ratio 1.95, 95% confidence interval 0.28-13.78).
CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of people with HIV and tuberculosis, restriction was the most common, symptomatic, and persistent pattern of pulmonary impairment. These data can help to raise awareness among clinicians about the heterogeneity of post-tuberculosis pulmonary impairment, and highlight the need for further research into mediators of lung injury in this vulnerable population.
HIV, Pulmonary disease, Respiratory function tests, Tuberculosis
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DOI of Published Version
Auld SC, Kornfeld H, Maenetje P, Mlotshwa M, Chase W, Vangu MD, Torigian DA, Wallis RS, Churchyard G, Bisson GP. Pulmonary restriction predicts long-term pulmonary impairment in people with HIV and tuberculosis. BMC Pulm Med. 2021 Jan 7;21(1):19. doi: 10.1186/s12890-020-01368-4. PMID: 33413293; PMCID: PMC7791797. Link to article on publisher's site
BMC pulmonary medicine
Auld SC, Kornfeld H, Maenetje P, Mlotshwa M, Chase W, Vangu Md, Torigian DA, Wallis RS, Churchyard G, Bisson GP. (2021). Pulmonary restriction predicts long-term pulmonary impairment in people with HIV and tuberculosis. Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12890-020-01368-4. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/4532
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.