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Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology

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Hemic and Immune Systems | Immunology of Infectious Disease | Immunopathology | Immunoprophylaxis and Therapy | Immunotherapy | Influenza Virus Vaccines | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Virus Diseases


BACKGROUND: Non-neutralizing antibodies inducing complement-dependent lysis (CDL) and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity may contribute to protection against influenza infection. We investigated CDL and ADCC responses in healthy adults randomized to receive either non-adjuvanted or AS03-adjuvanted monovalent A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccine (containing 15 microg/3.75 mug of hemagglutinin, respectively) on a 2-dose schedule 21 days apart.

METHODS: We conducted an exploratory analysis of a subset of 106 subjects having no prior history of A(H1N1)pdm09 infection or seasonal influenza vaccination enrolled in a previously reported study (NCT00985673). Antibody responses against the homologous A/California/7/2009 (H1N1) vaccine strain and a related A/Brisbane/59/2007 (H1N1) seasonal influenza strain were analyzed up to Day 42.

RESULTS: Baseline seropositivity determined with hemagglutination inhibition (HI), CDL and ADCC antibody titers against viral strains was high; A/California/7/2009 (HI [40.4-48.1%]; CDL [34.6-36.0%]; ADCC [92.1-92.3%]); A/Brisbane/59/2007 (HI [73.1-88.9%]; CDL [38.0-42.0%]; ADCC [86.8-97.0%]). CDL seropositivity increased following vaccination with both adjuvanted and non-adjuvanted formulations (A/California/7/2009 [95.9-100%]; A/Brisbane/59/2007 [75.5-79.6%]). At Day 21, increases in CDL and ADCC antibody geometric mean titers against both strains were observed for both formulations. After 2 doses of AS03-adjuvanted vaccine, vaccine responses of 95.8% ( > /=9-fold increase from baseline in CDL titers) and 34.3% ( > /=16-fold increase from baseline in ADCC titers) were seen against A/California/7/2009; and 22.4% and 42.9%, respectively, against A/Brisbane/59/2007. Vaccine responses after 2 doses of the non-adjuvanted vaccine were broadly similar.

CONCLUSIONS: Broadly comparable non-neutralizing immune responses were observed following vaccination with non-adjuvanted and AS03-adjuvanted A(H1N1)pdm09 formulations; including activity against a related vaccine strain.


A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccine, AS03 adjuvant system, cross-reactivity, non-neutralizing antibodies

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© 2020 Glaxosmithkline Biologicals. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

DOI of Published Version



Friel D, Co M, Ollinger T, Salaun B, Schuind A, Li P, Walravens K, Ennis FA, Vaughn DW. Non-neutralizing antibody responses following A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza vaccination with or without AS03 adjuvant system. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2020 Sep 5. doi: 10.1111/irv.12780. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32889792. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Influenza and other respiratory viruses

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.