UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology

Publication Date

2020-08-01

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Immune System Diseases | Musculoskeletal Diseases | Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms | Rheumatology

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in a national sample of patients with RA with/without Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Adults with RA from a large observational US registry (Corrona RA) with known SS status between 22 April 2010 and 31 July 2018 and a visit 12 (+/- 3) months after index date were identified (n = 36,256/52,757). SS status: determined from a yes/no variable reported at enrolment into the Corrona RA registry and follow-up visits. Index date: date that SS status was recorded (yes/no). Patients received biologic or targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs as part of standard care. Patients with RA only were followed for > /= 12 months to confirm the absence of SS. Patients were frequency- and propensity-score matched (PSM) 1:1 and stratified by disease duration and treatment response-associated variables, respectively. Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) and PROs 12 months after index visit were compared in patients with and without SS. Baseline characteristics in 283 pairs of PSM patients were balanced. Mean change in CDAI score was numerically lower in patients with RA and SS than patients with RA only (8.8 vs 9.3). Reductions in PROs of pain, fatigue and stiffness were two- to threefold lower for patients with RA and SS versus RA only. Reductions in RA disease activity and RA-related PROs were lower in patients with RA and SS versus those with RA only. Our data indicate that SS adds to treatment challenges; physicians may wish to consider SS status when managing patients with RA.

Keywords

ACPA, Disease activity, Patient-reported outcomes, Rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome, Treatment response

Rights and Permissions

Open Access: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

DOI of Published Version

10.1007/s00296-020-04602-8

Source

Harrold LR, Shan Y, Rebello S, Kramer N, Connolly SE, Alemao E, Kelly S, Kremer JM, Rosenstein ED. Disease activity and patient-reported outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and Sjögren's syndrome enrolled in a large observational US registry. Rheumatol Int. 2020 Aug;40(8):1239-1248. doi: 10.1007/s00296-020-04602-8. Epub 2020 May 24. PMID: 32449040; PMCID: PMC7316680. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Rheumatology international

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

32449040

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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