UMMS Affiliation

Department of Radiology

Publication Date


Document Type

Article Postprint


Male Urogenital Diseases | Nephrology | Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms | Radiology | Urogenital System


We describe a unique solitary kidney with duplex collecting system and vascular variation observed in an 86-year-old White male formaldehyde- and phenol-fixed cadaver during routine academic dissection. The left renal fossa was empty with an intact adrenal gland, and the right renal fossa contained a fused renal mass with apparent polarity between the superior and inferior regions and two renal pelves converging into a single ureter. There were three right renal arteries supplying the renal mass; the superior and middle arteries were noted to be postcaval and the inferior artery was precaval. There were also two right renal veins draining into the inferior vena cava and following a regional distribution with the superior vein draining the inferior portion of the renal mass. Despite generally being asymptomatic, the detection of renal anatomical variants is clinically important for appropriate patient management and surgical interventions.


anatomic variation, multiple renal arteries, multiple renal veins, renal artery, renal pelvis, renal vein

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This article has been peer reviewed and published immediately upon acceptance. It is an open access article, which means that it can be downloaded, printed, and distributed freely, provided the work is properly cited.

DOI of Published Version



Salimy MS, Luiselli GA, Yuen M, Healy RC, Shah SG, Giannaris EL, Das M, Wink AE. A case of solitary kidney with duplex collecting systems and renal vascular variants in an adult male cadaver. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2020 Aug 4. doi: 10.5603/FM.a2020.0082. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32748948. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Folia morphologica

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID