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Department of Microbiology and Physiological Systems

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Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins | Biochemical Phenomena, Metabolism, and Nutrition | Enzymes and Coenzymes | Genetics and Genomics | Molecular Biology


The evolutionarily conserved centromeric histone H3 variant (Cse4 in budding yeast, CENP-A in humans) is essential for faithful chromosome segregation. Mislocalization of CENP-A to non-centromeric chromatin contributes to chromosomal instability (CIN) in yeast, fly, and human cells and CENP-A is highly expressed and mislocalized in cancers. Defining mechanisms that prevent mislocalization of CENP-A is an area of active investigation. Ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of overexpressed Cse4 (GALCSE4) by E3 ubiquitin ligases such as Psh1 prevents mislocalization of Cse4, and psh1Delta strains display synthetic dosage lethality (SDL) with GALCSE4. We previously performed a genome-wide screen and identified five alleles of CDC7 and DBF4 that encode the Dbf4-dependent kinase (DDK) complex, which regulates DNA replication initiation, among the top twelve hits that displayed SDL with GALCSE4. We determined that cdc7-7 strains exhibit defects in ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of Cse4 and show mislocalization of Cse4. Mutation of MCM5 (mcm5-bob1) bypasses the requirement of Cdc7 for replication initiation and rescues replication defects in a cdc7-7 strain. We determined that mcm5-bob1 does not rescue the SDL and defects in proteolysis of GALCSE4 in a cdc7-7 strain, suggesting a DNA replication-independent role for Cdc7 in Cse4 proteolysis. The SDL phenotype, defects in ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, and the mislocalization pattern of Cse4 in a cdc7-7 psh1Delta strain were similar to that of cdc7-7 and psh1Delta strains, suggesting that Cdc7 regulates Cse4 in a pathway that overlaps with Psh1. Our results define a DNA replication initiation-independent role of DDK as a regulator of Psh1-mediated proteolysis of Cse4 to prevent mislocalization of Cse4.


CENP-A, Cdc7, Cse4, DDK, Psh1, centromere

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Copyright © The Author(s) 2020. Published by the Genetics Society of America. Per, G3 applies a Creative Commons Attribution License (CCAL) to all its published material. With this open access license, authors retain ownership to the copyright for their published article in G3. Authors allow anyone to share, remix, download, mine, or otherwise use their work-with the requirement that the authors and the journal are given the proper attribution (the full article citation). For more information, see

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Eisenstatt JR, Boeckmann L, Au WC, Garcia V, Bursch L, Ocampo J, Costanzo M, Weinreich M, Sclafani RA, Baryshnikova A, Myers CL, Boone C, Clark DJ, Baker R, Basrai MA. Dbf4-Dependent Kinase (DDK)-Mediated Proteolysis of CENP-A Prevents Mislocalization of CENP-A in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. G3 (Bethesda). 2020 Apr 15:g3.401131.2020. doi: 10.1534/g3.120.401131. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32295767. Link to article on publisher's site

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G3 (Bethesda, Md.)

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.