Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology
Clinical Epidemiology | Epidemiology | Genomics | Immunology of Infectious Disease | Infectious Disease | Virology | Virus Diseases | Viruses
Unusually large outbreaks of mumps across the United States in 2016 and 2017 raised questions about the extent of mumps circulation and the relationship between these and prior outbreaks. We paired epidemiological data from public health investigations with analysis of mumps virus whole genome sequences from 201 infected individuals, focusing on Massachusetts university communities. Our analysis suggests continuous, undetected circulation of mumps locally and nationally, including multiple independent introductions into Massachusetts and into individual communities. Despite the presence of these multiple mumps virus lineages, the genomic data show that one lineage has dominated in the US since at least 2006. Widespread transmission was surprising given high vaccination rates, but we found no genetic evidence that variants arising during this outbreak contributed to vaccine escape. Viral genomic data allowed us to reconstruct mumps transmission links not evident from epidemiological data or standard single-gene surveillance efforts and also revealed connections between apparently unrelated mumps outbreaks.
Mumps virus, Mumps, Phylogenetic analysis, Sequence alignment, Multiple alignment calculation, Viral genomics, Sequence analysis, Genetic epidemiology
Rights and Permissions
Copyright: This is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication.
DOI of Published Version
Wohl S, Metsky HC, Schaffner SF, Piantadosi A, Burns M, Lewnard JA, Chak B, Krasilnikova LA, Siddle KJ, Matranga CB, Bankamp B, Hennigan S, Sabina B, Byrne EH, McNall RJ, Shah RR, Qu J, Park DJ, Gharib S, Fitzgerald S, Barreira P, Fleming S, Lett S, Rota PA, Madoff LC, Yozwiak NL, MacInnis BL, Smole S, Grad YH, Sabeti PC. Combining genomics and epidemiology to track mumps virus transmission in the United States. PLoS Biol. 2020 Feb 11;18(2):e3000611. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000611. PMID: 32045407; PMCID: PMC7012397. Link to article on publisher's site
Wohl S, Madoff LC, MacInnis BL. (2020). Combining genomics and epidemiology to track mumps virus transmission in the United States. Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000611. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/4169
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons 1.0 Public Domain Dedication.