Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences
Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Health Services Administration | Health Services Research | Preventive Medicine | Telemedicine | Virus Diseases | Viruses
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) and Web-based research methods are becoming more commonplace for researchers. However, there is a lack of mHealth and Web-based human papillomavirus (HPV) prevention experimental studies that discuss potential issues that may arise.
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of research procedures and discuss the challenges and lessons learned from an mHealth and Web-based HPV prevention experimental study targeting female Korean American college students in the United States.
METHODS: A pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in an mHealth and Web-based platform with 104 female Korean American college students aged 18-26 years between September 2016 and December 2016. Participants were randomized to either the experimental group (a storytelling video intervention) or the comparison group (a nonnarrative, information-based intervention). Outcomes included the feasibility of research procedures (recruitment, eligibility, randomization, and retention).
RESULTS: From September 2016 to October 2016, we recorded 225 entries in our initial eligibility survey. The eligibility rate was 54.2% (122/225). This study demonstrated a high recruitment rate (95.6%, 111/122) and retention rate (83.7%, 87/104) at the 2-month follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this study demonstrated sufficient feasibility in terms of research procedures to justify a full-scale RCT. Given the increased possibility of invalid or misrepresentative entries in mHealth and Web-based studies, strategies for detection and prevention are critical.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN Registry ISRCTN12175285; http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN12175285.
Web-based intervention, experimental design, fraud, mHealth
Rights and Permissions
© Minjin Kim, Haeok Lee, Jeroan Allison. Originally published in JMIR Formative Research (http://formative.jmir.org), 29.01.2020. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Formative Research, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://formative.jmir.org, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.
DOI of Published Version
Kim M, Lee H, Allison J. Challenges and Lessons Learned From a Mobile Health, Web-Based Human Papillomavirus Intervention for Female Korean American College Students: Feasibility Experimental Study. JMIR Form Res. 2020 Jan 29;4(1):e14111. doi: 10.2196/14111. PMID: 32012036. Link to article on publisher's site
JMIR formative research
Kim M, Lee H, Allison JJ. (2020). Challenges and Lessons Learned From a Mobile Health, Web-Based Human Papillomavirus Intervention for Female Korean American College Students: Feasibility Experimental Study. Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors. https://doi.org/10.2196/14111. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/4129
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
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