UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Hospital Medicine; Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences; Department of Emergency Medicine; Meyers Primary Care Institute

Publication Date

2020-01-22

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases | Emergency Medicine | Health Services Administration | Preventive Medicine

Abstract

Preventing utilization of hospital and emergency department after diagnosis of venous thromboembolism is a complex problem. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of a care transition intervention on hospitalizations and emergency department visits after venous thromboembolism. We randomized adults diagnosed with a new episode of venous thromboembolism to usual care or a multicomponent intervention that included a home pharmacist visit in the week after randomization (typically occurring at time of discharge), illustrated medication instructions distributed during home visit, and a follow-up phone call with an anticoagulation expert scheduled for 8 to 30 days from time of randomization. Through physician chart review of the 90 days following randomization, we measured the incidence rate of hospital and emergency department visits for each group and their ratio. We also determined which visits were related to recurrent venous thromboembolism, bleeding, or anticoagulation and which where preventable. We enrolled 77 intervention and 85 control patients. The incidence rate was 4.50 versus 6.01 visits per 1000 patient days in the intervention versus control group (incidence rate ratio = 0.71; 95% confidence interval = 0.40-1.27). Most visits in the control group were not related to venous thromboembolism or bleeding (21%) and of those that were, most were not preventable (25%). The adjusted incidence rate ratio for the intervention was 1.05 (95% confidence interval = 0.57-1.91). Our patients had a significant number of hospital and emergency department visits after diagnosis. Most visits were not related to recurrent venous thromboembolism or bleeding and of those that were, most were not preventable. Our multicomponent intervention did not decrease hospitalizations and emergency department visits.

Keywords

UMCCTS funding, anticoagulation, clinical pharmacy, home care services, patient education, preventative medicine

Rights and Permissions

Copyright © The Author(s) 2020. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

DOI of Published Version

10.1177/0046958019900080

Source

Kapoor A, Bloomstone S, Javed S, Silva M, Lynch A, Yogaratnam D, Carlone B, Springer K, Maheswaran A, Chen X, Nagy A, Elhag R, Markaddy E, Aungst T, Bartlett D, Houng D, Darling C, McManus D, Herzig SJ, Barton B, Mazor K. Reducing Hospitalizations and Emergency Department Visits in Patients With Venous Thromboembolism Using a Multicomponent Care Transition Intervention. Inquiry. 2020 Jan-Dec;57:46958019900080. doi: 10.1177/0046958019900080. PMID: 31965873; PMCID: PMC6977209. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Inquiry : a journal of medical care organization, provision and financing

Comments

Full author list omitted for brevity. For the full list of authors, see article.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

31965873

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

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