UMMS Affiliation

Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation

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Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment | Health Services Administration | Musculoskeletal Diseases | Orthopedics | Surgical Procedures, Operative


Objectives: The use of the haptically bounded saw blades in robotic-assisted total knee arthroplasty (RTKA) can potentially help to limit surrounding soft-tissue injuries. However, there are limited data characterizing these injuries for cruciate-retaining (CR) TKA with the use of this technique. The objective of this cadaver study was to compare the extent of soft-tissue damage sustained through a robotic-assisted, haptically guided TKA (RATKA) versus a manual TKA (MTKA) approach.

Methods: A total of 12 fresh-frozen pelvis-to-toe cadaver specimens were included. Four surgeons each prepared three RATKA and three MTKA specimens for cruciate-retaining TKAs. A RATKA was performed on one knee and a MTKA on the other. Postoperatively, two additional surgeons assessed and graded damage to 14 key anatomical structures in a blinded manner. Kruskal-Wallis hypothesis tests were performed to assess statistical differences in soft-tissue damage between RATKA and MTKA cases.

Results: Significantly less damage occurred to the PCLs in the RATKA versus the MTKA specimens (p < 0.001). RATKA specimens had non-significantly less damage to the deep medial collateral ligaments (p = 0.149), iliotibial bands (p = 0.580), poplitei (p = 0.248), and patellar ligaments (p = 0.317). The remaining anatomical structures had minimal soft-tissue damage in all MTKA and RATKA specimens.

Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that less soft-tissue damage may occur when utilizing RATKA compared with MTKA. These findings are likely due to the enhanced preoperative planning with the robotic software, the real-time intraoperative feedback, and the haptically bounded saw blade, all of which may help protect the surrounding soft tissues and ligaments.


Robotic-assisted arthroplasty, Total knee arthroplasty

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Copyright © 2019 Author(s) et al. Open access: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence, which permits the copying and redistribution of the work only, and provided the original author and source are credited. See

DOI of Published Version



Bone Joint Res. 2019 Nov 2;8(10):495-501. doi: 10.1302/2046-3758.810.BJR-2019-0129.R1. eCollection 2019 Oct.. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Bone and joint research

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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.