UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology

Publication Date


Document Type



Diagnosis | Immune System Diseases | Musculoskeletal Diseases | Pulmonology | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Rheumatology | Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases


Clinical heterogeneity is a hallmark of many autoimmune disorders, and clinical or subclinical pulmonary involvement is a common extraarticular feature of the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) phenotype. High-resolution computed tomography reveals evidence of pulmonary abnormalities in more than half of patients with RA, and clinically significant interstitial lung disease (ILD) will develop in approximately 10% of patients.It is currently difficult to identify these patients and to intervene early in the clinical course of their lung disease.


pulmonary, rheumatoid arthritis, interstitial lung disease

Rights and Permissions

Copyright © 2018 Massachusetts Medical Society. Publisher PDF posted after 6 months as allowed by publisher's Author Permissions policy at:

DOI of Published Version



N Engl J Med. 2018 Oct 20. doi: 10.1056/NEJMe1811767. [Epub ahead of print] Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The New England journal of medicine

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID




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